news (external)

The faculty lecture isn’t helping students problem solve

BY LAURA ASCIONE DEVANEY, eCampus News

New study shows lecturing is likely not effective for developing problem-solving skills in students. The traditional lecture format found in nearly every university isn’t the most effective instructional approach if faculty want to help students develop problem-solving skills, according to a new study from the University of British Columbia. Researchers at UBC’s Okanagan campus created a testing system to measure the problem-solving abilities of students in various stages of their undergraduate degrees. Their data shows that while freshman students see their problem-solving skills increase by nearly 10 per cent in their first semester, students in the majority of disciplines experience little-to-no improvement in all the semesters that follow. “It does not appear that the traditional, lecture-style of information delivery is well suited to helping students build those skills,” said Klegeris, an associate professor of biology.

http://www.ecampusnews.com/curriculum/faculty-rethink-lecture/

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Preparing Graduates for Future Knowledge Practices

By Thomas Carey, Inside Higher Ed

How can we better prepare graduates to engage with future learning and knowledge practices? Amongst the discussion of curricular changes, skill development and supportive mindsets, a common central theme began to emerge: let’s treat our teaching and learning environments as model workplaces, full of experiential learning opportunities for reflective practice on changing knowledge work, practices and roles. Reframing the learning environment and the progressive trajectory of learning practices could thus provide our graduates with opportunities to develop capability in both professional learning and in dealing with innovation in workplace practices.

https://www.insidehighered.com/blogs/higher-ed-gamma/preparing-graduates-future-knowledge-practices-1

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University of Arkansas faculty nudged to put texts on Web

by Jamie Adame, Arkansas Online

No student will be asked to purchase a textbook in Scout Johnson’s U.S. history class this spring semester at the University of Arkansas at Fayetteville. Johnson will instead assign a textbook that’s available for free online. “It helps our students tremendously by cutting that textbook bill,” said Johnson, a UA doctoral student and speaker for the university’s Associated Student Government graduate student congress. The group and UA’s Associated Student Government senate, made up of undergraduates, approved a joint resolution last fall supporting the adoption of what are known as open educational resources. Open materials may be freely copied and distributed.

http://www.arkansasonline.com/news/2017/jan/08/faculty-nudged-to-texts-on-web-20170108/

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5 Easy Ways to Learn a New Language on the Internet

Online learning update by Ray Schroeder - Sat, 2017-01-21 01:08

by Diogo Costa, Tech.co

The internet is a useful tool for many things, including learning a new language. Possible sources are online courses, specific websites or watching videos spoken in other languages, for example. But there are many more sources that can be used to learn a new language without leaving home. Even social networks like Twitter and Facebook can be considered in the category of useful tools for learning languages online. In an ever more globalized world, knowing a second language is very important. Professionally, it can even be a differentiating factor, giving you extra points when applying for a new job. Some of the aforementioned learning sources are not exactly obvious, which is why it is important to mention them.

http://tech.co/5-easy-ways-learn-new-language-internet-2017-01

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Online degrees, classes expanding curriculum at Central Washington University

Online learning update by Ray Schroeder - Sat, 2017-01-21 01:04

By MATT CARSTENS, Daily Record

As far as total online enrollment, 3,840 students are enrolled in at least one online class at CWU, which makes up 33 percent of total enrollment. In 2011, that number was just 1,782.The university has been tracking online enrollment since 2011, when 186 students were pursuing online undergrad degrees along with 41 pursuing graduate degrees. Today a total of 1,137 students are enrolled in online degree programs, including 930 in undergraduate studies. That makes up 10 percent of Central’s total enrollment. Schedler said each college at the university has an online degree program. Information technology administrative management is the biggest program. “For the sciences it’s more challenging, definitely,” Schedler said about online instruction. “Most are in the social sciences like sociology, psychology, law and justice.” As far as total online enrollment, 3,840 students are enrolled in at least one online class at CWU, which makes up 33 percent of total enrollment. In 2011, that number was just 1,782.

http://www.dailyrecordnews.com/news/online-degrees-classes-expanding-curriculum-at-central/article_c27b7dfe-f12f-594c-b821-a6b3c413b365.html

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How to Choose the Perfect Laptop for Online Study

Online learning update by Ray Schroeder - Sat, 2017-01-21 01:02

by Carolina, Hack Read

If you’re considering enrolling in an online degree program, the one piece of technology that you will be relying on for the next four or more years is your laptop, so it’s no surprise that many online students will invest in a new one. We’ve put together some top tips to help you pick the right laptop for online study. When it comes to buying a new laptop, the best thing is that the market is now so huge, so you can find excellent laptops in almost all of the price brackets. However, when putting aside a budget for your new laptop, you will need to think in realistic terms about the amount that you should spend. Often, many online students, particularly those taking advanced courses which require a lot of work, will need to invest in a more high-end laptop in order to ensure that it will last them for the duration of their course. When choosing a laptop, you need to be thinking in terms of long-term value for money, rather than the cheapest price that you can pay at the time.

https://www.hackread.com/how-to-choose-perfect-laptop-online-study/

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Publishing's Prestige Bias

OLDaily by Stephen Downes - Fri, 2017-01-20 15:55


Colleen Flaherty, Inside Higher Ed, Jan 20, 2017

A study reports that journals tend to disproportionately select papers by authors from elite institutions. This is not because the papers are better or more informed but because of "a strong bias towards a few elite institutions who exercise outsized influence not only on who gets tenure-track jobs but also in who gets published and where." We see this same bias expressed outside academia, where journalists and media preferentially quote academics from elite media, even to the point of giving them credit for others' discoveries. Publishers, not surprisingly, disagree, arguing the result is either trivial ("Whether the level (of bias), once documented, is sufficient to be a problem that requires a remedy is in the eye of the beholder") or false ("data that I see could be explained by differences in the raw number and quality of submitted manuscripts"). Both objections are addressed and refuted in the article.

[Link] [Comment]

Tips for a PhD defense or viva #phd

OLDaily by Stephen Downes - Fri, 2017-01-20 15:55


Inge de Waard, Ignatia Webs, Jan 20, 2017

Inge de Waard has earned her PhD and by way of celebration she gives us a certifiably useful guide to preparing for your defense (or viva), as it is known in the UK. I found it interesting because it highlights the core interests of the examiners (and by implication, the profession): how do your questions follow from your literature review, what theories guided you, how did you define such-and-such? And some good advice for preparing for a PhD defense.

[Link] [Comment]

President Trump: A backgrounder on the new President and Higher Ed

Online learning update by Ray Schroeder - Fri, 2017-01-20 13:25
by Scott Jaschik, Inside Higher Ed As the 45th president is inaugurated, background on his campaign, his stated policies toward higher education and the deep concerns of many in academe. Donald J. Trump will be inaugurated today as the 45th president of the United States. Here is a backgrounder on the new president and higher education. https://www.insidehighered.com/news/2017/01/20/backgrounder-trump-campaign-and-policies-higher-education Share on Facebook var button = document.getElementById('facebook_share_link_25432') || document.getElementById('facebook_share_icon_25432') || document.getElementById('facebook_share_both_25432') || document.getElementById('facebook_share_button_25432'); if (button) { button.onclick = function(e) { var url = this.href.replace(/share\.php/, 'sharer.php'); window.open(url,'sharer','toolbar=0,status=0,width=626,height=436'); return false; } if (button.id === 'facebook_share_button_25432') { button.onmouseover = function(){ this.style.color='#fff'; this.style.borderColor = '#295582'; this.style.backgroundColor = '#3b5998'; } button.onmouseout = function(){ this.style.color = '#3b5998'; this.style.borderColor = '#d8dfea'; this.style.backgroundColor = '#fff'; } } }

Don’t make this unfortunate online program mistake in 2017

Online learning update by Ray Schroeder - Fri, 2017-01-20 01:10

BY SETH ODELL, eCampus News

In response to widespread stagnation in postsecondary enrollments, many institutions look to scale their programs and attract students beyond their own backyards. And since online education makes logistical sense for delivering instruction to wider audiences, an online program is often looked at for expansion opportunities. Yet frequently, colleges and universities don’t realize just how competitive the national online education market is. Not only are they stepping onto a court with the biggest brands in higher education, but national marketing efforts are notably costly compared to local marketing efforts. The fact of the matter is that for most institutions, online education is most successful when considered as an alternative modality for local students familiar with an institution’s brand rather than a path to the national market. One common mistake is to try and make an online program go national right away; instead, go local for better success, sustainability.

http://www.ecampusnews.com/online-learning/online-program-mistake-2017/

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Internet of Things Spending to Reach $1.29 Trillion by 2020

Online learning update by Ray Schroeder - Fri, 2017-01-20 01:05

By Rhea Kelly, Campus Technology

A new forecast from International Data Corp. estimates that the total worldwide spending on the Internet of Things (IoT) will reach $1.29 trillion by 2020. According to the market research firm’s Worldwide Semiannual Internet of Things Spending Guide, that represents a compound annual growth rate of 15.6 percent over the 2015-2020 forecast period. Much of that spend will go toward hardware — the largest spending category throughout the forecast, followed by services, software and connectivity, according to IDC. The company predicts that hardware spending will approach $400 billion by 2020; modules and sensors that connect endpoints to networks will represent the bulk of hardware purchases. On the other hand, IDC said, hardware will be the slowest growing IoT technology category, beaten out by software and services.

https://campustechnology.com/articles/2017/01/05/internet-of-things-spending-to-reach-1-29-trillion-by-2020.aspx

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‘Embrace digital technology for better teaching, learning experience’

Online learning update by Ray Schroeder - Fri, 2017-01-20 01:02

by ANDHRA PRADESH, the Hindu

Digital technologies would help in improving teaching methods while digital learning can improve student achievement if the tools are integrated into teaching and learning, according to I.V. Subba Rao, Chief of Literacy, Basic Education and Non-formal Education at Unesco. A panel discussion on ‘pedagogy and teacher in the digital era’ was held at the Navyandhra Pustaka Sambaralu (book festival) here on Friday. On the occasion, Mr. Subba Rao said that technology would act as an assistant to a teacher. Both teaching and learning processes would be simplified and improved with digital technologies. Time and space were no barriers to learning through open online courses. At the same time, digital technologies would not eliminate the teacher from the learning process as human interface was a must in this aspect, he said.

http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/tp-andhrapradesh/%E2%80%98Embrace-digital-technology-for-better-teaching-learning-experience%E2%80%99/article17003490.ece

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Barge

xkcd.com - Fri, 2017-01-20 01:00
Categories: Cartoons, Science News

Zahlenbericht der Privaten Krankenversicherung

Gesundheitsberichterstattung - Thu, 2017-01-19 23:00

Die im Informationssystem eingespeicherten gestaltbaren Tabellen aus dem "Zahlenbericht der Privaten Krankenversicherung" des Verbandes der Privaten Krankenversicherung e.V. wurden um das Jahr 2015 ergänzt.

Categories: Science News

Understanding Metadata

OLDaily by Stephen Downes - Thu, 2017-01-19 21:54


Jenn Riley, National Information Standards Organization (NISO), Jan 19, 2017

The National Information Standards Organization (NISO) has published an updated guide on understanding metadata (49 page PDF). It's a guide, so it begins at a pretty basic level. Some useful bits: the typology of metadata (though I think this is missing some important types, such as anotations, ratings, usage, etc); means of representing metadata (relational databased, XML, Linked Data and RDF), controlled vocabularies and content standards. It also summarizes some major metadata initiatives such as schema.org, Simple Knowledge Organization System (SKOS), Dublin Core, Friend of a Friend (FOAF), ONline Information eXchange (ONIX), EXchangeable Image File Format (Exif), etc. Finally, it addresses the core question of how metadata is generated.

[Link] [Comment]

Reimagining the Role of Technology in Education: 2017 National Education Technology Plan Update

OLDaily by Stephen Downes - Thu, 2017-01-19 21:54


United States Department of Education, Jan 19, 2017

This document might become obsolete very quickly, released as it was just a few days ago. But it's the first major update since  2010 and hence represents a landmark. The complete document (111 page PDF) talks about what people need to learn, teaching with technology, innovation, assessment and accessibility. They recommend the use of technology to support anytime-anywhere-anybody learning, learning resources that embody design principles from learning sciences, alignment of learning resources to intended outcomes and support multiple pathways to expertise. The authors also support things like learning dashboards, embedded assessment environments such as simulations and collaborative systems,

[Link] [Comment]

The Big Shift in Platform Business Models

OLDaily by Stephen Downes - Thu, 2017-01-19 18:54


John Hagel, Edge Perspectives with John Hagel, Jan 19, 2017

Normally when we think of platforms we think of news or social media, but education too has drifted into the platform model and is influenced by the shifting business models. First, says John Hagel, the platform model will shift to a customer-pay model, since trust is required in order to collect the data to support learning, and unless the customer pays, the loyalties of the platform owner lie elsewhere (with advertisers, say). A flat fee for access is the typical model (think Netflix) but additional schemes may focus on usage time, impact and results, or other metrics. A lot of this is drawn from an earlier article. The business model will also require increasing value to subscribers, for example, the trusted advisor business model. I think the error in this model is in the presumption that customer payments buy loyalty and trust. We pay for our cable and phone service, but nobody thinks providers serve the interests of the consumers. I think we need to look beyond the subscriber model to platform ownership.  Only when it's our platform will we trust it. Image, John Hagel  on Deloitte in 2015

[Link] [Comment]

Students under surveillance

OLDaily by Stephen Downes - Thu, 2017-01-19 18:54


Helen Warrell, Financial Times, Jan 19, 2017

Post introducing readers to services like SkyFactor and VitalSource (formerly CourseSmart), data-driven learning analytics and retention systems. The point underlined in the article is that such systems represent an almost casual attitude of invasive surveillance on the part of British and American institutions. Instructors have access to a dashboard showing "class attendances, assessment grades, participation in sports practices, and visits to the campus financial aid officer."  Such surveillance is not benign, writes the author; it is a source of disruption and stress for students. The justification, though, is the investment students make in education. “ Do you just let them fall through the cracks,” he says, “ or can you embrace technology that might help them deal with the stresses of college and progress?” Via internetactu (en franç ais).

[Link] [Comment]

Feds launch networking site for academics, students and public servants

OLDaily by Stephen Downes - Thu, 2017-01-19 15:54


Natalie Samson, University Affairs, Jan 19, 2017

This is a Canadian government initiative, "a digital networking platform called GCcollab.ca, a site it’ s pitching as an easy way for academics and students to connect and collaborate with Canada’ s public service." The open source software referred to in the article is Elgg, which formed the backbone of GCConnex. I am signed up on the site and will be welcoming connections and groups linking the academic sector and learning and development in the Canadian public service.

[Link] [Comment]

The Two Resources Administrators Should Maximize for Personalized Learning Success

OLDaily by Stephen Downes - Thu, 2017-01-19 15:54


Grant Rivera, EdSurge, Jan 19, 2017

This is a good non-technology based definition of personalized learning: "it occurs as leaders empower teachers to go beyond the traditional role of a 'content expert' and organically diagnose, analyze, guide, instruct, and coach students." This definition, however, makes personalization very labour-intensive, which it has in fact always been. Thus, writes Grant Rivera, "we need to maximize two finite, critical resources for student success: time and teachers." The rest of the article contains suggestions on how to do this: "break free from the constraints of the traditional school clock" and "gone are the days of a course-pacing guide that locks a team of teachers to a prescribed lesson plan."

[Link] [Comment]

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