news (external)

Stop Saying “High Quality”

OLDaily by Stephen Downes - 48 min 45 sec ago
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David Wiley, iterating toward openness, Mar 27, 2015

I've been at the Hewlett OER grantees conference in Sausalito the last few days and I find myself agreeing with David Wiley in this post: "The biggest surprises to me were the number of times the phrase “ high quality” came up, and what a strong, negative reaction I had each time I heard the word." Same here! "'High quality' sounds like it’ s dealing with a core issue, while actually dodging the core issue. The phrase is sneaky and deceptive.... when people say “ high quality” they actually mean all these things (author credentials, review by faculty, copyediting, etc.) except effectiveness." Wiley won't say this, but in my view it's a way for publishers to weasel into a position of being the sole provider of open educational resources, because of course nobody else could produce "high quality" materials.

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State of the Commons

OLDaily by Stephen Downes - 48 min 45 sec ago
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Various authors, Creative Commons, Mar 27, 2015

Report from Creative Commons on, well, the state of Creative Commons. A.k.a. "the Commons". The short version: we are up to 882 million CC-licensed works (I have maybe 30K of those, counting OLDaily posts and photographs). According to the table, more works are licenses as CC-by than of non-commercial variants (which I don't believe). And they continue (erroneously) to lable licenses allowing commercial licensing as "more open" (tell that to some poor schmuck staring at a paywall). I'm frankly this close to dropping support for Creative Commons over this issue. 14 countries (they say) have made national commitments to open education (according to this, Scotland is a country). Update Cable Green writes to state that the data are here. If we don't count each of 111 million Wikipedia articles as a separate item, the statistics look very different.

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What the English of Shakespeare, Beowulf, and King Arthur actually sounded like

OLDaily by Stephen Downes - 3 hours 48 min ago
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James Harbeck, This Week, Mar 27, 2015

One of the things I used to like to do was to read Thomas Hobbes's 1651 book Leviathan (original, and easier to read) to myself out loud, and using the spelling, imagine the cadence and the accent. So this article with videos of the pronunciation of English as it gets older and older is of interest to me. P.S. if you haven't read Leviathan you owe it to yourself to do so - it is the foundation of the idea of the social contract as the basis for society. And it is also one of the founding documents of modern empiricism.

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Students cheated by posting test questions on social media

OLDaily by Stephen Downes - 15 hours 49 min ago


Liz Bowie, Baltimore Sun, Mar 27, 2015

This article approaches the issue from a very different perspective, depicting Pearson as aggressively attacking the cheating problem, and acting to enforce its own copyright. "Pearson...  has found more than 70 instances in six states of students posting testing materials on a public social media site, according to spokesman Jesse Comart," says the article. "'We are not delving into people's profiles. We are looking for inappropriate sharing of the intellectual property,' said Steve Addicott, vice president of Caveon, the test security subcontractor." This is a softball article suggesting that Pearson is responding to criticism with a PR campaign. But there are deeper implications: first, that the spying is widespread, and second, the extension of copyright into the enforcement of testing.

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Local college to let students decide on-the-fly to go to class in-person or online

by Lauren Hertzler, Philadelphia Business Journal

Peirce College has a new program that takes its historically flexible schedule to the next level. For the past year, the college has been testing a model where students can decide on-the-fly to attend class in person or online. It’s aimed at the students that primarily make up Peirce’s population — the working adults that are often hit with last-minute tasks for a job or for their family. If they can’t make it to class due to a sudden engagement, they can read up on all the lecture notes at a later date and even, in some cases, receive audio feedback on assignments and turn in assignments online. For online students, it allows them the opportunity to go to class for that extra in-person interaction if need be.

http://www.bizjournals.com/philadelphia/news/2015/03/19/on-the-fly-college-class-in-person-or-online.html?page=all

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Masters Level Computer Science From Udacity

by Sue Gee, i-programmer

Applications for the Fall 2015 admission to Georgia Tech’s Online Master of Science in Computer Science (OMS CS) are due before April 17, 2015. But if you don’t want to wait you can follow along for free with Udacity. President Obama visited Georgia Tech last week and pointed to the OMS CS as an example of the kind of innovation needed by the United States to address the rising costs of higher education. This is because, with tuition entirely online, students are charged as little as $6,600, less than one-sixth of the cost of an on-campus equivalent at $45,000.

http://www.i-programmer.info/news/150-training-a-education/8400-udacity-masters.html

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Anyone Can Be a Teacher in This Online School

By JONAH BROMWICHMARCH, NY Times

Susan Orlean was considering giving up teaching. She had taught courses at New York University and at the Bread Loaf Writers’ Conference at Middlebury College but was finding it difficult to maintain a consistent class schedule while fulfilling her obligations as a staff writer for The New Yorker. “I just started thinking, well, maybe there’s a different way to do this that doesn’t tie me to a physical location,” she said. “And right around that time, Skillshare contacted me.” Skillshare is an online video platform that allows anyone to sign up and teach a class. The company has proved adept at recruiting experts to teach on its website. Aside from Ms. Orlean’s class on creative nonfiction, the website has a class on visual storytelling from the design maven Debbie Millman and a marketing course taught by the entrepreneur Seth Godin. The company allows users to determine the courses they want to teach and take. A thousand courses are available for $10 a month.

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/03/20/education/anyone-can-be-a-teacher-in-this-online-school.html?_r=0

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Opportunity

xkcd.com - 21 hours 11 min ago
Categories: Cartoons, Science News

San Francisco

OLDaily by Stephen Downes - Thu, 2015-03-26 21:21


Stephen Downes, Flickr, Mar 26, 2015

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Foundations for OER Strategy Development

OLDaily by Stephen Downes - Thu, 2015-03-26 21:21


Nicole Allen, Delia Brown, Mary Lou Forward, Cable Green, Alek Tarkowski, Google Docs, Mar 26, 2015

Document circulated at the conference on Open Educational Resources I am attending (see http://halfanhour.blogspotcom for some content summaries). I haven't ready this in detail, but it appears to be an effort to create a single unified implementation strategy for the OER movement. I personally think such an effort would be misguided. Anyhow, it's on a Google Docs page and will probably change quite a bit by the time you read this. I hope people have a good look and leave their comments. More on this later.

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Innovative Efforts for Universal Quality Education

OLDaily by Stephen Downes - Thu, 2015-03-26 21:21


Stéphan Vincent-Lancrin, OECD, Mar 26, 2015

This report summarizes "an international workshop on 'Innovative efforts for universal quality education'." It states: "If education systems are to provide disadvantaged groups with quality education, the knowledge, skills and abilities acquired by students need to be relevant to the environment, improve their employability and be aligned with their work aspirations." Short PDF, most of the useful content is in the 'Highlights' on page 3.

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CMI-5 Course Structure

OLDaily by Stephen Downes - Thu, 2015-03-26 03:18


Various authors, GitHub, Mar 25, 2015

So as soon as I get a handle on things, there's a new thing. Today's it's this: "CMI-5, a soon-to-be standard which is also conformant to the Experience API (xAPI)." Sigh. This is a link to the GitHub version of the specification. The document basically defines "LMS Course Structure Import/Export [and] LMS course definition as it pertains to runtime data used by Learning Activities."

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The Ultimate Guide to BPMN2

OLDaily by Stephen Downes - Thu, 2015-03-26 03:18


Unattributed, SourceForge Resources, Mar 25, 2015

I'm not enamoured of Creative Commons's recent initiative to license 'open business practices' as outlined here, because it seems to legitimize the nidea that business practices can be licensed, which seems wrong to me. But I guess it's becoming a thing, which is why it now becomes relevant to link to this item from SourceForge (I don't know whether the URL will work for you; it's part of an email campaign. The  direct link is here and I don't know whether that will work either - it's all very private-like - or you can just grab the PDF directly  from here and skip the marketing pitch, and if they complain I'll explain about the concept of SourceForge and sharing and all that). "Business Process Model and Notation 2.0 (BPMN2) is one of the best things to happen in business process management in a long time - and many people and organizations who could benefit from BPMN have yet to give it a try." It makes me wonder who is behind all this and what they hope to achieve.

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The hidden costs of success are too high for low-income students

OLDaily by Stephen Downes - Thu, 2015-03-26 03:18


Alyssia Fogarty, University Affairs, Mar 25, 2015

As a low-income student when I was a student, I can personally attest to this: "paying for event admissions, society membership fees, travel costs for conferences and for food and drinks at informal social gatherings. The second kind of success-cost is the loss of income or opportunity when there’ s inadequate time to both earn a living wage and earn extracurricular and volunteer experience, in other words, 'time' costs." I earned money every weekend working at the 7-Eleven in Cedarbrae - but that meant I wasn't participating in weekend events. It underscored for me how much the real purpose of university lies in creating connections and building networks.

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Why Free Is Not the Future of Digital Content in Education

OLDaily by Stephen Downes - Thu, 2015-03-26 03:18
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Mary Cullinane, Wired, Mar 25, 2015

long ago accused Wired of selling out to advertisers, and this column (not coincidentally authored by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt’ s Chief Content Officer) does not dissuade me of that criticism. Here is the argument, in one sentence: "If we do not get educational content right, students are less likely to gain the knowledge and skills they need to succeed in college and careers." If this were true, nobody would have succeeded before academic publishers came onto the scene. But in fact, almost any content will do if learners are motivated, and no content will do if learners are not motivated. And the reason why free can work and is working is that it's created by and for people who are motivated. That's why it's enough of a threat to an academic publisher that they felt compelled to write an op-ed in one of their captive publications.

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For Online to Really Matter in Education, We Need to Re-Define Competency

Online learning update by Ray Schroeder - Thu, 2015-03-26 01:08

by Ryan Craig, Wired

In a decade, online education may be recognized not for making higher education accessible to anyone with a smartphone—but as the midwife who delivered competency-based learning into the world. Like so many other technology-driven advances, competency-based learning is theoretically possible in a paper-pencil world. Global positioning is, after all, feasible without a handheld GPS. But it’s not nearly as appealing, and a long way from a mass-market product. Competency-based learning turns higher education on its head – starting not with the curriculum, but rather the competencies one should exhibit upon completion (according to, say, employers).

http://www.wired.com/2015/03/online-really-matter-education-need-redefine-competency/

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How to Use Online Learning as Part of Your Test Prep

Online learning update by Ray Schroeder - Thu, 2015-03-26 01:05

by Chuck Cohn, Huffington Post

In recent years, online learning has become an increasingly popular option for many students. Because online learning shatters the traditional borders of education, students can immediately access many benefits that were previously unavailable to them. Resources like MOOCs, OCW, and OERs can help with classes, employment skills, and even test prep. If you’d like to strengthen your test prep with these tools, here is everything you need to know:

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/chuck-cohn/how-to-use-online-learnin_b_6880340.html

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Online Course Provision Grows As Three University of London Colleges Sign Up To Digital Partnership

Online learning update by Ray Schroeder - Thu, 2015-03-26 01:02

by Shannon Greenhalgh, MISCO

The move to online course provision by UK universities is under way, as three University of London colleges, including Goldsmiths, enter a partnership that will enable their students to participate in massive open online courses (MOOCs), Government Computing has reported. The School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS) and St George’s, alongside Goldsmiths, have announced an agreement to offer MOOCs through the FutureLearn platform – joining a network of 51 other higher and specialist education institutions globally which are using the service to offer courses online. FutureLearn (owned by the Open University) has already been adopted by other universities in the UK, with industry experts predicting that MOOCs will play a “complementary” role in higher education.

http://www.misco.co.uk/blog/news/02804/online-course-provision-grows-as-three-university-of-london-colleges-sign-up-to-digital-partnership

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Content Discovery Tools

OLDaily by Stephen Downes - Wed, 2015-03-25 18:16


Luigi Canali De Rossi, Robin Good, Mar 25, 2015

Robin Good is back and posts "I have put together and just updated a full categorised mini-directory of the best tools to find new, quality content, in just about any area you are interested in." Good list. I know many of the applications.

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[Methodological approach for the development of terminology subsets ICNP®: an integrative review].

Related Articles

[Methodological approach for the development of terminology subsets ICNP®: an integrative review].

Rev Esc Enferm USP. 2014 Dec;48(6):1119-26

Authors: Clares JW, Freitas MC, Guedes MV

Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the methodological aspects used for the preparation of terminology subsets of the International Classification for Nursing Practice (ICNP®), in dissertations and theses in the Brazilian nursing.
METHOD: This is an integrative review of the Brazilian dissertations and theses defended in the period from 2007 to 2013, which were included seven dissertations.
RESULTS: The increasing production of studies on the theme by Brazilian nurses shows a concern for a unified language for the profession. However, the results demonstrate the lack of uniformity in the conduct of studies, especially in relation to the stages of content validation. The initiatives of some authors to systematize alternative methods for creating these subsets also stood out.
CONCLUSION: We suggest the development of new terminology subsets, following standards of methodological rigor, as well as its application and validation by the selected clientele, to ensure greater reliability of results and desired changes for the profession.

PMID: 25626513 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Categories: nursing informatics

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