news (external)

Hacking the ISTE18 Smart Badge

OLDaily by Stephen Downes - Fri, 2018-06-29 20:45

Doug Levin, K-12 Cybersecurity Resource Center, Jun 29, 2018

At ISTE this year participants were given 'smart badges' - these tracked your movements and after the conference will provide participants with a report "listing of all the sessions you attended and links to any digital resources the session offered." More importantly, ISTE itself was provided "with information on session attendance and traffic flow in the expo hall and other open spaces, including playgrounds and poster sessions." Well, "ISTE calls this 'personalized learning,'" writes Audrey Watters. "I call it surveillance pedagogy and an act of violence against women just waiting to happen." Doug Levin took one apart and from the data inside found a user manual for the surveillance tags. In a follow-up post Levin serached for tag readers and found not only them but also surveillance cameras placed unobtrusively next to them. "I’ve made sure to keep my references to the ISTE ‘smart badge’ in quotes," writes Levin. "It is not smart. It is a Bluetooth location tracker – commonly used to locate lost cats, keys, and luggage – branded with words that connote innovation and trendiness and hence make it socially acceptable to track people."

Web: [Direct Link] [This Post]

What do online college students want and like?

OLDaily by Stephen Downes - Fri, 2018-06-29 13:54

Tony Bates, Online learning and distance education resources, Jun 29, 2018

This is a summary of a report by Andrew J. Magda and Carol B. Aslanian (there's a spamwall, but this direct download link might work - 62 page PDF) "on the survey of 1,500 past, present, and prospective fully online college students in the USA." The main message is that online degrees are worth the time and resources expended. Bates comments, "As online students move from being a small minority to a substantial proportion of post-secondary enrolments (at least one third of students in the USA take at least one online course and in Canada around 15% of all course enrolments are now online) institutions will need to pay more attention to the specific needs of students who study primarily off-campus."

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What An Expensive SF Restaurant That Can't Afford Waiters Tells Us About the Future of Higher Ed

OLDaily by Stephen Downes - Fri, 2018-06-29 13:31

Joshua Kim, Inside Higher Ed, Jun 29, 2018

This is a case of a writer wanting to have it both ways. On the one hand, "Jobs that were once done by 2 people are now done by 1." On the other hand, "Almost everything that happens at a university that is of any value is done by a person." I think that what we'll find is that as automation takes over the quality of a university education doesn't decline as much as you think it would. Sure, automation is not as good as it could be. But like self-driving cars, we might find that the robots do a lot of cognitive tasks better than the humans. Photo: New York Times in a story about the restaurant.

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What does the future of online learning look like? – report

Online learning update by Ray Schroeder - Fri, 2018-06-29 02:10

By Study International Staff
Every year an increasing number of students take to their computers and access education through online or distance learning programmes. However, this could be set to change according to Learning House’s annual report with Aslanian Market Research (AMR). The report found that increasing annual numbers of online students are set to slow by 2019. In 2017 alone online programmes saw an increase of 3 percent, totalling 3.85 million full or majority distance learning candidates worldwide, but this is likely to reduce in coming years according to Eduventures. The market is expected to peak at 4 million students in 2019 and 2020 before leveling off as the global economy improves and the number of high school graduates falls.  Competition is also getting fiercer among institutions that provide online learning as they strive to outdo each other and prove they can help students reach their goals, or risk losing out to other, more competent providers. The report revealed four key findings; courses must be mobile-friendly, online students need access to career services, online learning is good value for money, and online programs are becoming increasingly diverse.

What does the future of online learning look like? – report

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From Founding CEO Of One Of The Largest FinTechs To CEO Of The Largest EdTech – Coursera

Online learning update by Ray Schroeder - Fri, 2018-06-29 02:05

by Peter High , Forbes

Jeff Maggioncalda was recently named CEO of Coursera. I have interviewed both founders of the company, Andrew Ng and Daphne Koller, so I was curious about Maggioncalda’s perspective on the company, education technology and the massive open online courses more generally, and his own background as an entrepreneur. Regarding the last point, Maggioncalda was previously the founding CEO of Financial Engines Inc, a company that was founded by Nobel Prize winner William Sharpe and recently sold for $3 billion. During his 18 years as CEO of Financial Engines Inc, Maggioncalda had to pivot three times from his original idea before becoming a success. Financial Engines would go on to become the largest independent online retirement advice platform with more than $100 billion under management.

https://www.forbes.com/sites/peterhigh/2018/06/18/from-founding-one-of-the-largest-fintechs-to-ceo-of-the-largest-edtech-coursera/

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Is AI disrupting higher education?

Online learning update by Ray Schroeder - Fri, 2018-06-29 02:02

by Shalina Chatlani, Education Dive
The workplace of the future will be marked by unprecedentedly advanced technologies, as well as a focus on incorporating artificially intelligent algorithms of automation to drive higher levels of production with fewer resources. Employers and education stakeholders, noting the reality of this trend, question whether students will be workforce ready in the years to come. This has become a significant concern for higher education executives, finding that their business models could be disrupted as they fail to meet workforce demands. A 2018 Gallup and Northeastern University survey shows that of 3,297 U.S. citizens interviewed, only 22% of those with a bachelor’s degree said their education left them “well” or “very well prepared” to use AI in their jobs.

https://www.educationdive.com/news/is-ai-disrupting-higher-education/525130/

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Polizeiliche Kriminalstatistik

Gesundheitsberichterstattung - Fri, 2018-06-29 00:00

Die im Informationssystem eingespeicherten gestaltbaren Tabellen aus der "Polizeilichen Kriminalstatistik" des Bundeskriminalamtes wurden um das Jahr 2017 ergänzt.

Categories: Science News

Still a mystery: How does the brain make the mind?

OLDaily by Stephen Downes - Thu, 2018-06-28 20:35

Andrea Estrada, Futurity, Jun 28, 2018

I don't actually think it's a mystery any more but I recognize that not everybody will agree with me on this. In this article we read a review of Michael Gazzaniga's book The Consciousness Instinct: Unraveling the Mystery of How the Brain Makes the Mind. According to the book, "Specialized capacities come up one at a time, he explains, and through time they are stitched together to give the illusion of a unified consciousness." That's fair enough, so far as it goes - but whether we think of this as separate and specialized or whole and organic is strictly a matter of perspective - from where I sit, consciousness is experience, and the best explanation for that experience is found in the description of the human brain.

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A Gullible Population Is a National Security Issue

OLDaily by Stephen Downes - Thu, 2018-06-28 19:26

Vicki Davis, Cool Cat Teacher Blog, Jun 28, 2018

Vicki Davis makes the point stated in the title in a forceful way using examples of Russian-produced social media advertisements aimed at an American audience. If I had to change anything, I would change the word "national" to "global", because it doesn't matter where the advertisements come from, nor where they're directed, they still have the intent (and effect) of making the world burn. As Vicki Davis says here, " Information literacy is no longer just a nice-to-have literacy. It’s required for stability and civil discourse within any modern country. We don’t have to agree about everything with our fellow citizens, but we should learn how to disagree, and we should realize that our common enemy can easily make us enemies of one another and let us do their dirty work."

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JavaScript API for Face Recognition in the Browser

OLDaily by Stephen Downes - Thu, 2018-06-28 14:07

Vincent Mühler, ITNext, Medium, Jun 28, 2018

This is documentation of a script you can use on your website to classify and recognize faces. Though it's based on recognition of faces on photos, the obvious application of this is to use it as a way to identify who is looking at your website. Of course, you would have to turn on the reader's camera (sometimes without telling them). But what could go wrong? More generally (and usefully) it's a way to use AI-supported interactivity in your website, doing much more interesting things like face recognition.

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Orchestration Graphs: Modeling Scalable Education

OLDaily by Stephen Downes - Thu, 2018-06-28 13:53

Pierre Dillenbourg, Amazon, Jun 28, 2018

Enough of this book is visible online to be tantalizing (not that I can buy it, though; I have nothing like the budget it would take to actually buy books). The premise is as follows: "a sequence of learning activities can be modeled as a graph with specific properties." What follows appears to be a good application of graph theory to learning processes, up to and including the stochastic properties of graphs - that is, the idea that we can view a student's path through the graph as a set of probabilities. Readers should also note the concurrence between this idea and that of the directional acyclic graph (DAG) mentioned here a few days ago - I'm not sure whether it ever appears in the book, but it's a natural tie-in. And of course all of this describes (in my view) the graph-based underlying model of the original MOOCs (long forgotten in the rush to convert MOOCs from free to commercial). Via Gerald Ardito.

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Improving Teaching Effectiveness: Final Report

OLDaily by Stephen Downes - Thu, 2018-06-28 13:38

Brian M. Stecher, RAND, Jun 28, 2018

This is an evaluation of a $775m Gates Foundation project to improve teacher performance. The key finding is that the program did not work. "Sites implemented new measures of teaching effectiveness and modified personnel policies accordingly but did not achieve their goals for students." But I like how Boing Boing responded to the report: "Kudos to the Gates Foundation, seriously... they hired outside auditors to evaluate the program's effectiveness, and published that report, even though it shows that the approach did no good on balance and arguably caused real harms to teachers and students." 587 page PDF.

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How Blockchain Can Truly Revolutionize Higher Education

Online learning update by Ray Schroeder - Thu, 2018-06-28 02:08

by Ryan Craig, Forbes

Credentials are a currency. And as far as it goes, higher education’s current degree-currency is an unwieldy one – not unlike the giant stone coins from the island of Yap. These coins – up to 13 feet in diameter – were laboriously mined and shipped from Palau, an island nearly 300 miles away. On Yap, they remained in one place, and unit ownership was transferred virtually; because the community was small and tight-knit, everyone knew the current ownership of every stone coin. Blockchain – or distributed ledger technology (DLT) – is a similar digital solution for a community that’s not so small or tight-knit. To achieve a Yap-topian virtual currency, DLT codes ownership of the currency unit into the currency itself in the form of a lengthy data file that is built, stored and verified in a distributed manner. So the analogy for credentials is clear. Credly, the leading provider of digital credentials, has demonstrated the power of unbundling credentials down to the level of the competency and thousands of employers, associations, training providers, colleges, and universities are already issuing digital credentials via Credly. (My firm, University Ventures, is an investor in Credly.)

https://www.forbes.com/sites/ryancraig/2018/02/22/how-blockchain-can-truly-revolutionize-higher-education/#43d3e55326b7

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A computer program that learns to “imagine” the world shows how AI can think more like us

Online learning update by Ray Schroeder - Thu, 2018-06-28 02:05

by Will Knight, MIT Technology Review

Machines will need to get a lot better at making sense of the world on their own if they are ever going to become truly intelligent. DeepMind, the AI-focused subsidiary of Alphabet, has taken a step in that direction by making a computer program that builds a mental picture of the world all by itself. You might say that it learns to imagine the world around it. The system, which uses what DeepMind’s researchers call a generative query network (GQN), looks at a scene from several angles and can then describe what it would look like from another angle.

https://www.technologyreview.com/s/611453/a-computer-program-that-learns-to-imagine-the-world-shows-how-ai-can-think-more-like-us/

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How we improved decision making at Indiana University

Online learning update by Ray Schroeder - Thu, 2018-06-28 02:03

BY AARON NEAL, eCampus News
You don’t have to look far to understand that data is arguably an organization’s most valuable asset. The Economist declared that “The world’s most valuable resource is no longer oil, but data,” while Facebook is being scrutinized over its handling of data and how it may have been used to influence the 2016 U.S. presidential election. However, many higher education institutions fail to recognize the value of the data they hold beyond their day-to-day operational needs. In 2015, Indiana University embarked on the Decision Support Initiative (DSI). Our goal was to improve decision making at all levels of the university by dramatically enhancing the availability of timely, relevant, and accurate information to support decision makers.

How we improved decision making at Indiana University

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Take our playbook: NPR’s guide to building immersive storytelling projects

OLDaily by Stephen Downes - Wed, 2018-06-27 21:37

Wesley Lindamood, NPR, Jun 27, 2018

This is an outline of NPR's "editorial development process called Hypothesis-Driven Design." It's an approach to design that goes beyond layout and presentation to include aspects of experimentation, but which also "provides teams with a structure for developing an informed and shared opinion to test and learn from in quick and lightweight ways." From where I sit the model would offer students a useful model to follow in their own development projects, one that combines both creativity with evidence-based practices.

Web: [Direct Link] [This Post]

Using Heuristic Evaluation to Improve Sepsis Alert Usability.

NLM - Nursing Informatics - Wed, 2018-06-27 21:16
Related Articles

Using Heuristic Evaluation to Improve Sepsis Alert Usability.

Crit Care Nurs Clin North Am. 2018 Jun;30(2):297-309

Authors: Pertiwi AAP, Fraczkowski D, Stogis SL, Lopez KD

Abstract
Sepsis, life-threatening organ dysfunction in response to infection, is an alarmingly common and aggressive illness in US hospitals, especially for intensive care patients. Preventing sepsis deaths rests on the clinicians' ability to promptly recognize and treat sepsis. To aid early recognition, many organizations have employed clinician-facing electronic sepsis alert systems. However, the effectiveness of the alert relies on heavily on the visual interface, textual information, and overall usability. This article reports a usability inspection of a sepsis alert system. The authors found violations in 12 of the 14 usability principles and promote use of this method in practice to systematically identify usability problems.

PMID: 29724447 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Categories: nursing informatics

Advocating for Greater Usability in Clinical Technologies: The Role of the Practicing Nurse.

NLM - Nursing Informatics - Wed, 2018-06-27 21:16
Related Articles

Advocating for Greater Usability in Clinical Technologies: The Role of the Practicing Nurse.

Crit Care Nurs Clin North Am. 2018 Jun;30(2):247-257

Authors: Lopez KD, Fahey L

Abstract
Health care, especially ICUs, rely on multiple types of technology to promote the best patient outcomes. Unfortunately, too often these technologies are poorly designed, causing errors, additional workload, and unnecessary frustration. The purpose of this article is to (1) empower nurses with the needed usability and usability testing vocabulary to identify and articulate clinical technology usability problems and (2) provide ideas on ways nurses can advocate to have an impact on positive change related to technology usability within a health care organization.

PMID: 29724443 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Categories: nursing informatics

Informatics Solutions for Application of Decision-Making Skills.

NLM - Nursing Informatics - Wed, 2018-06-27 21:16
Related Articles

Informatics Solutions for Application of Decision-Making Skills.

Crit Care Nurs Clin North Am. 2018 Jun;30(2):237-246

Authors: Nibbelink CW, Young JR, Carrington JM, Brewer BB

Abstract
Critical care nurses practice in a challenging environment that requires responses to patients with complex, often unstable health conditions. The electronic health record, access to clinical data, and Clinical Decision Support Systems informed by data from clinical databases are informatics tools designed to work together to facilitate decision-making in nursing practice. The complex decision-making environment of critical care requires informatics tools that support nursing practice through integration of current evidence with clinical data. Recommendations include continuing efforts toward the development of clinical decision support tools based on patient data that include predictive models to support increased patient safety.

PMID: 29724442 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Categories: nursing informatics

Evaluation of Clinical Nursing Information System in Taiwan Regional Hospital.

NLM - Nursing Informatics - Wed, 2018-06-27 21:16
Related Articles

Evaluation of Clinical Nursing Information System in Taiwan Regional Hospital.

Stud Health Technol Inform. 2017;245:1353

Authors: Chou WJ, Tsai PY, Lin SY, Hou IC

Abstract
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the Clinical Nursing Information System (CNIS) in Taiwan regional hospital. In 2016, a total of 333 nurses responded to the Technology Acceptance Model-based questionnaire after 15 months of CNIS implementation. The results showed positive acceptance toward CNI, especially among those nurses who were younger, those who worked as administrative managers or in non-critical care units, and had advanced computer skills.

PMID: 29295432 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Categories: nursing informatics

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