news (external)

‘Open Innovation Initiative’ By Blackboard To Lure Open Source Developers

OLDaily by Stephen Downes - Thu, 2017-09-07 16:38

Moodle News, Sept 07, 2017

The gist of the announcement is this: "Blackboard has made a series of announcements and releases to make it easier to code functionality for the commercial LMS. They are wrapped into what Blackboard calls the 'Open Innovation Initiative' that gives developers access to REST and LTI integrations to expand Blackboard services without upfront costs." The unnamed Moodle News author suggests it has the "likely goal of enticing more learning developers to adopt its platform." Of course, it's institutions, not developers, that adopt platforms. What Blackboard wants to do is to extend its reach into other applications, and it need to help the developers of those applications write the interfaces that will make this possible. It's always a good strategy to create an open API, but I would never write an application that depends on a single company's API, because it's too easy for them to turn off the taps.

[Link] [Comment]

A Philosopher-Grammarian Gets Something Right

OLDaily by Stephen Downes - Thu, 2017-09-07 13:55

Chronicle of Higher Education, Sept 07, 2017

Michael Dummett wrote some of the most dense prose I ever had the displeasure of reading, so it's hard to imagine enjoying his book on grammar. But as Geoffrey Pullum writes, although Dummett's book contains a fair degree of crank, it also offers some surprisingly lucid advice on defining parts of speech. Verbs are not 'doing' words, they're words that can vary in tense. Subjects are not 'things', they are words that play a specific role in a sentence. "Being a subject is not an enduring trait of any word, like being an adverb; it is a role played within a sentence by a word or phrase, which may play a different role in other sentences." Good stuff. Image: Columbia.

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What Personalized Learning Is Not

OLDaily by Stephen Downes - Thu, 2017-09-07 13:14

Kenya Ransey, EdSurge, Sept 07, 2017

Overall this article makes some good points, though it is a bit unfocused. Kenya Ramsey defends the idea of personal choice in personalized learning. So personalized learning is not merely selection of options from a list, nor is it having teachers design individualized lesson plans. She also things it should be organic and fluid, and therefore, not something that can only happen with technology, and not something that can be neatly defined in a textbook. That's as far as this article goes, which leaves the reader wanting more.

[Link] [Comment]

DeepL schools other online translators with clever machine learning

Online learning update by Ray Schroeder - Thu, 2017-09-07 02:10

by Devin Coldewey, Frederic Lardinois, TechCrunch

Tech giants Google, Microsoft and Facebook are all applying the lessons of machine learning to translation, but a small company called DeepL has outdone them all and raised the bar for the field. Its translation tool is just as quick as the outsized competition, but more accurate and nuanced than any we’ve tried. I only speak a smattering of French in addition to my passable English, but luckily my colleague Frederic is a man of many tongues. We both agreed that DeepL’s translations were generally superior to those from Google Translate and Bing. Take, for example, the following passage from a German news article linked below.

https://techcrunch.com/2017/08/29/deepl-schools-other-online-translators-with-clever-machine-learning/

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Technology will disrupt traditional education system

Online learning update by Ray Schroeder - Thu, 2017-09-07 02:05

BY: PATRICK BEAN AND ANDREW HORSFALL, Biz Community
The current education system is ripe for disruption. Historically, institutions have positioned themselves as knowledge leaders and the primary place to receive expertise to prepare students for the workplace. However, in the age of free online courses from the world’s top universities and part-time study sites, such as edX and Coursera, that information is becoming widely available outside the system.Universities are facing a future where students will be able to study online with reputable and internationally recognised institutions for a relatively cheap fee, potentially even free. In the online space, education is becoming more commoditised and there will be a few global winners, dominated by well-known education brands that collaborate with technology companies.

http://www.bizcommunity.com/Article/196/371/166798.html

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Machine Learning Courses Market – Trends and Forecasts

Online learning update by Ray Schroeder - Thu, 2017-09-07 02:02

by Technavio

Technavio’s latest report on the global machine learning courses market provides an analysis of the most important trends expected to impact the market outlook from 2017-2021. Technavio defines an emerging trend as a factor that has the potential to significantly impact the market and contribute to its growth or decline. Increasing popularity of adaptive training is a key trend in the global machine learning courses market. The market is growing at a fast pace because of the growing awareness of machine learning among students and professionals. The inclusion of analytics and robotics in many industries is prompting organizations to upscale the knowledge of their employees in the AI domain. The most popular AI courses available in the market are machine learning and deep learning.  Online teaching is another factor that has bolstered the growth of the global machine learning courses market as it provides individuals with better learning flexibility.”

http://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20170831005098/en/Machine-Learning-Courses-Market—Trends-Forecasts

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Berufsbildungsstatistik

Gesundheitsberichterstattung - Thu, 2017-09-07 00:00

Die im Informationssystem eingespeicherte gestaltbare Tabelle aus dem Bereich "Berufsbildungsstatistik" des Statistischen Bundesamtes wurde um das Jahr 2016 ergänzt.

Categories: Science News

Tag des Hellen Hautkrebses am 13.09.2017

Gesundheitsberichterstattung - Thu, 2017-09-07 00:00
Ausgewählte Informationen zum Tag des Hellen Hautkrebses am 13.09.2017
Categories: Science News

The Massively Open On Air Courses (MOOAC): Contextualizing MOOCs in Africa

OLDaily by Stephen Downes - Wed, 2017-09-06 20:47

Rebecca Yvonne Bayeck, e/merge Africa, YouTube, Sept 06, 2017

Education in Africa faces numerous challenges: infrastructure, affordances, teacher shortages and distance. MOOCs can be deployed to address these issues. But few African students actually attend MOOCs. Access to the internet is still very limited (about 9 percent) in Africa. So this presentation looks like an adaptation of MOOCs - open On Air Courses, delivering instruction over the radio. The presentation itself is about 20 minutes, with the remaining 35 minutes devoted to discussion. See more from the MOOCs in Africa video series in this playlist.

[Link] [Comment]

I used to think social media was a force for good. Now the evidence says I was wrong

OLDaily by Stephen Downes - Wed, 2017-09-06 20:29

Matt Haig, The Guardian, Sept 06, 2017

This article conflates the social harm caused by social media ("the same tool that united us to topple dictators eventually tore us apart") with the personal harm caused by social media ("inspiring feelings of inadequacy, anxiety and self-loathing"). Maybe internet addition and filter bubbles have the same underlying pathology, but aside from both being associated with social media I don't see the connection. That weakens this article, because it's not enough to say that social media is bad in all kinds of ways; we need to be able to say why it is bad, in which way, so we can fix it. Because as bad as it is, social media fills a need. We use it to talk to each other. It's easy to say that this talk should be regulated, or attached to identities, or curated, but the way in which these are managed also counts.

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Mozilla and the Washington Post Are Reinventing Online Comments

OLDaily by Stephen Downes - Wed, 2017-09-06 19:22

Michael Deangelo, The Mozilla Blog, Sept 06, 2017

I had a look at the code and it looks like it's still a bit of a project to install. But I like the distributed approach ("every organization using Talk runs its own version of the software, and keeps its own data. ") and I like its approach to data ("Talk doesn’t contain any tracking, or digital surveillance.") I want to get a version running for OLDaily, because I think we need open and non-commercial forums where we can talk about this stuff. I also think it could work well with gRSShopper for MOOC and PLE development and deployment.

[Link] [Comment]

Domain-Driven Design Reference: Definitions and Pattern Summaries

OLDaily by Stephen Downes - Wed, 2017-09-06 15:57

Eric Evans, Sept 06, 2017

This post is the very tip of a huge body of knowledge. At the beginning of the 20th century L.E.J (Bertus) Brouwer developed a theory of "intuitionist" mathematics incorporating the idea that math is a creation within the context of a Weltanschauung, or world view. In the late 20th-century rejection of logical positivism in favour of constructivist theories we see the development of alternative logics, including intuitionist, or constructivist, logic, where "constructive proofs correspond to functional programs and vice versa" related to a state space or model. This supports in turn a design methodology where "Multiple models are in play on any large project." This is the world of domain driven design (DDD).

What's key here is how this plays out in practice: "Model expressions, like any other phrase, only have meaning in context." Therefore, "Explicitly define the context within which a model applies... Recognize that a change in the language is a change to the model... Those who contribute in different ways must consciously engage those who touch the code in a dynamic exchange of model ideas through the ubiquitous language." Take this one step further and you get Command and Query Response Seqregation (CQRS) which allows us to use different data models which use the same data. My colleague Andriy Drozdyuk is presenting on this next week in Ottawa.

This is the logical, linguistic and computational foundation for constructivist, identity-based and community-based philosophies of education and society. It succeeds or fails because of its dependence on an ubiquitious language (hence the importance of Lakoff today). So long as this language requires an interpretation, it is vulnerable. The less contentious the interpretation the more stable the foundation. Ultimately, in my opinion, we have to push representation down, push it beyond representation, to a subsymbolic and directly accessible level.

[Link] [Comment]

8 Ways UX Design Theory Transformed My Approach to Course Design

OLDaily by Stephen Downes - Wed, 2017-09-06 14:49

John Spencer, The Synapse, Sept 06, 2017

Nice article from John Spencer applying elements of user experience design (UX) to the design of online courses. I like the graphic (though it bothers me a little that the text does not follow the same order as the graphic). "UX design focuses on both on how we use digital tools and on how we inhabit digital spaces," writes Spencer. "It focuses on systems in a way that is deeply human. What does it feel like for people? What does it look like for them? What are their processes?"

[Link] [Comment]

How e-learning can address communication issues in the healthcare sector schedule

Online learning update by Ray Schroeder - Wed, 2017-09-06 02:09

by Roger Moore, Virtual College

As pressures within the UK healthcare sector increase, it is becoming increasingly vital that hospitals, clinical teams and other providers of essential care services are operating efficiently, compassionately and with constant attention to detail. Upholding these standards can be a challenging ask, which is why good communication is one of the most important qualities for any healthcare team to uphold. Unfortunately, this can sometimes fall by the wayside when language barriers and inconsistent methodologies get in the way – with the result being that patient safety and care quality sometimes end up taking a hit. Fortunately, e-learning can offer an ideal solution to many of these problems, helping healthcare professionals to communicate clearly at all times – a key step in safeguarding patients, staff and the sustainability of the health service as a whole.

https://www.virtual-college.co.uk/news/virtual-college/2017/08/how-e-learning-can-address-communication-issues

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Free Online University of California Education for All Aims for Ballot

Online learning update by Ray Schroeder - Wed, 2017-09-06 02:04

by Dennis Romera, LA Weekly

The University of California system has 10 campuses, 150 academic disciplines and 600 graduate degree programs. An Orange County real estate broker wants to add tens of thousands of online courses to that list. And he wants to make them available to the public. For free. The Bernie Sanders–style proposal, officially submitted this week to the California attorney general as a potential ballot initiative, is clearly a long shot. But its author, Boyd Roberts of Laguna Beach, thinks people will be so enthused by the prospect of getting a world-class education on their laptops for no cost that they’ll come out in droves to help him get the measure on the November 2018 ballot. “The first thing it does is establish the right of the public to access publicly owned higher education,” he says. “More specifically, it gives them the right to audit all publicly owned higher education online.”

http://www.laweekly.com/news/proposal-seeks-to-open-university-of-california-to-all-for-free-8594210

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5 Online Business Courses That Will Make You Much Smarter (for Free)

Online learning update by Ray Schroeder - Wed, 2017-09-06 02:03

By Jessica Stillman, Inc

Class Central aims to clear up some of the confusion by curating the 8,000 or so MOOCs (massive open online courses) currently available to students. They also put together an annual list of the 50 most highly rated classes in areas from technology to the humanities.  Students rate the classes on a five-star scale similar to how they would a restaurant on Yelp. We sort the classes based on the Bayesian average of their rating, which factors in the number of ratings for the class,” Class Central founder and CEO Dhawal Shah explained to Inc.com in an email.  If you are specifically hoping to hone your business skills online, here are the top five business-related MOOCs recommended by the 30,000 students who have reviewed classes on Class Central. To get a certificate of completion and have your work graded, you may need to shell out a small fee of about $50. Otherwise the courses can be taken for free.

https://www.inc.com/jessica-stillman/the-5-best-online-business-courses-of-the-year.html

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GKV - endgültige Rechnungsergebnisse

Gesundheitsberichterstattung - Wed, 2017-09-06 00:00

Die im Informationssystem eingespeicherte gestaltbare Tabelle aus der "KJ 1-Statistik (gesetzliche Krankenversicherung: endgültige Rechnungsergebnisse) " des Bundesministeriums für Gesundheit wurde um das Jahr 2016 ergänzt.

Categories: Science News

Where to find all of the slides, links, videos and tutorials from Wikimania 2017 (and what we learned from having a remote-first strategy)

OLDaily by Stephen Downes - Tue, 2017-09-05 21:54

Melody Kramer, Wikimedia Blg, Sept 05, 2017

I spent most of my time with this article analyzing the 'class photo' for signs of tribal identity (note: not a good thing). They have their own salute and appear to have mascots. The different versions of the salute look like they denote degrees of membership: there's the group that did it correctly (thumb and single forefinger forming a clear 'W'), the group that was sort of right (thumbs joined correctly but with all fingers being used to created a 'winged W'), the group that just got it wrong(crossed thumbs, for example), and the 'out there' group who made salutes using pinky fingers, metal-head hands, or hang-loose gestures. I also looked for diversity and didn't really find it (this session, at least, addresses it, and some of the built-in biases - see esp. 46:00 ff - I wonder why this was streamed to Facebook while some keynotes (but not the good talks) and many of the sessions went to Youtube (and some even to Wikimedia Commons!). And I'm surprised they would try to run a conference in Montreal (and streamed internationally) without simultaneous translation.

[Link] [Comment]

Invitation to Join: CC Open Education Platform

OLDaily by Stephen Downes - Tue, 2017-09-05 21:39

Cable Green, Creative Commons, Sept 05, 2017

I've signed up or this (specifically: the email list, the Slack channel, and the draft working document) mostly because I advocate open education, and a little bit less because I think an organization like Creative Commons can deliver on it. It's part of CC's new "platforms" initiative. "Part of the new strategy is to establish defined areas of focus, or “platforms,” which will drive CC’s global activities. Platforms are how we organize areas of work for the CC community, where individuals and institutions organize and coordinate themselves across the CC Global Network." I'm not sure I like the term - depending on your perspetcive, it makes you think of either a political party or a social network service, neirther of which have done education (or democracy, or equity) any favours lately. But I'll begin with an open mind. Image: Alan Levine.

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This is not the online learning you (or we) are looking for

OLDaily by Stephen Downes - Tue, 2017-09-05 21:29

CogDogBlog, Sept 05, 2017

Alan Levine delivers a classic take-down of some online learning shovelware (it takes me back a couple of decades to read criticism like this). "This course had no voice, no character, no personality," he writes. "This is brutal, content-centric, non-human, un-empathetic design." 

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