news (external)

Google Offers Online Course in Jobs Push Amid Concerns About AI

Online learning update by Ray Schroeder - Sat, 2018-01-27 01:03

By Mark Bergen, Bloomberg
Alphabet Inc.’s Google is launching a new online education program to certify people for work in information technology support, part of the internet giant’s philanthropic push around job training. Google has poured billions into artificial intelligence, a technology that many expect will render jobs across several fields obsolete. Last year, Google Chief Executive Officer Sundar Pichai introduced a companywide initiative focused on employment. He announced Google would give $1 billion over five years to nonprofits in the field. The new program, developed with online education firm Coursera Inc., is designed to help people without formal training or college degrees find IT jobs at large companies. “As technology advances change or replace more jobs, we must create more pathways for people to jump into the new, high-paying careers of the future,” Jeff Maggioncalda, Coursera’s CEO, said in a statement.

https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-01-16/google-offers-online-course-in-jobs-push-amid-concerns-about-ai

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People with tetraplegia master brain implant in minutes

OLDaily by Stephen Downes - Fri, 2018-01-26 22:06

Kevin Stacey-Brown, Futurity, Jan 26, 2018

Stories like this illustrate why I can be so positive about technology. A tetraplegic - unable to niove at all - is able to control a computer with thoughts alone. By focusing on "training the computer, not the user" designers are making the easy to learn and to use. "One participant in the study, 'T5,' a 63-year-old man who had never used a BCI before, needed only 37 seconds of calibration time before he could control a computer cursor to reach targets on a screen, just by imagining using his hand to move a joystick." Obviously the technology is some distance away from widespread use. But that it exists at all points the way to a rich future. Image" HPlus.

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2017 Top Ten Books on Online Learning

OLDaily by Stephen Downes - Fri, 2018-01-26 21:49

Contact North, Jan 26, 2018

I'm thinking that the definition of 'book' ought to be changed for the purpose of such lists, because it seems to me highly unlikelt that the ten most important long-form reads of 2017 were published only by the likes of Routledge and Springer. I think that publishers have masterfully created this exclusive category of 'book' as something only they produce, and elicit free publicity for their product through member-only lists such as this (we see the same effect on radio shows such as CBC's 'The Next Chapter'). I listed dozens of book-length publications through the year that belong on any list of 'Top Ten Books on Online Learning. To recognize a category whose defining feature is that it is not accessible online seems to me to be so last century. I think that if people have something to say about learning today, they should be doing so openly, and online, where they can face the full glare of criticism.

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With New Personalized-Learning Software, AltSchool Moves Into Public Schools

OLDaily by Stephen Downes - Fri, 2018-01-26 21:35

Benjamin Herold, Education Week, Jan 26, 2018

More on AltSchool's pivot from running schools to selling personalized learning software as reported in December (more), including numerous criticisms of the company. AltSchool also reports that it has discontinued surveillance technologies that "included fisheye ceiling cameras and constantly running audio recorders to harvest massive volumes of data on its students." Not because they were wrong, of course, but because "the team has recognized that the utilities of some of those [data] is less than they had hoped for."

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Restaurant Group, Pearson to Offer Free Education to Employees

OLDaily by Stephen Downes - Fri, 2018-01-26 21:23

Doug Lederman, Inside Higher Ed, Jan 26, 2018

The real headline isn't in the story but in the comments. "Is Pearson now in the business of awarding degrees?" asks Betsy Smith. Well, what if they are? What happens should the major publishers and content compabies obtain permission to grant degrees? The crisis that has been stalking higher education for more than a decade would suddenly appear as though overnight. Something like this is coming. If not today, if not with this contract, then some time, with some contract. When the education is offered for free to students, as in this case, it's hard to say no to the enabling factors.

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As robots replace Indian techies, online education strikes gold

OLDaily by Stephen Downes - Fri, 2018-01-26 19:39

Rajiv Rao, ZDNet, Jan 26, 2018

It's one thing to talk about robot teachers in an environment where human teachers abound, but in an environment like India's tech industry there is no possibility of the teaching load being carried by traditional educators. Hence the headlines. For example, "in a crucial deal struck between Indian IT major Tech Mahindra and edX... edX would reskill 117,000 of its employees in India and around the world in skill sets that are desperately sought-after today." Meanwhile "Coursera has attracted an astonishing 2 million learners in India and is tacking on 60,000 new learners every month." Meanwhile, "homegrown (Indian) companies such as AcadGild, UpGrad, Simplilearn, and Emeritus -- who are all experiencing unprecedented interest and business in their online offerings -- will continue to prosper."

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Developing Standardized Physiologic Assessments.

NLM - Nursing Informatics - Fri, 2018-01-26 17:59
Related Articles

Developing Standardized Physiologic Assessments.

Stud Health Technol Inform. 2016;225:1084-5

Authors: Matney SA, Settergren TT, Westra B, Pruinelli L

Abstract
A terminology for nursing assessments does not exist to support exchange of information and research. A team of nurse informaticts collaborated to create a standard for medical/surgical assessment terms coded in LOINC and SNOMED CT. Nursing assessments represented 106 observation (50% new LOINC), and 348 Values (20% New SNOMED CT) organized into fifteen panels (86% new LOINC).

PMID: 27332495 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Categories: nursing informatics

Implementation of Improvements in an Electronic Documentation Nursing Process System Structured on NANDA-I, NOC and NIC (NNN) Classification.

NLM - Nursing Informatics - Fri, 2018-01-26 17:59
Related Articles

Implementation of Improvements in an Electronic Documentation Nursing Process System Structured on NANDA-I, NOC and NIC (NNN) Classification.

Stud Health Technol Inform. 2016;225:1082-3

Authors: Peres H, Cruz D, Tellez M, de Cássia Gengo E Silva R, Ortiz D, Diogo R, Ortiz DR

Abstract
The aim of this study was to present the experience of a teaching hospital with the implementation of improvements to an electronic documentation system of the nursing process (PROCEnf-USP®). The improvements were based on functional performance and technical quality of the system. It was adopted Scrum<sup>™</sup> method for version control PROCEnf-USP® by enabling agility, flexibility and possibility of integration between development and users. The PROCEnf-USP® has been used since 2009 and has professional and academic environments. The current version lets you generate reports and supports decisions about diagnoses, outcomes and interventions. It is provided the use of indicators to monitor results and registration at the point of care. The establishment of important.

PMID: 27332494 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Categories: nursing informatics

Analysis the Nursing Documentation of the Observation Plans and Practices of Breast Cancer Using Nursing NAVI.

NLM - Nursing Informatics - Fri, 2018-01-26 17:59
Related Articles

Analysis the Nursing Documentation of the Observation Plans and Practices of Breast Cancer Using Nursing NAVI.

Stud Health Technol Inform. 2016;225:1074-5

Authors: Inoue M, Tsuru S, Omori M, Sudo K, Wako F

Abstract
We analyzed in nursing observation planning and practices circumstances of a breast cancer patient using the Nursing NAVI® Contents. The result of this analyzed were clearly that the master plan item was satisfying a vital signature, so it could be practiced 100%. But even if the observation item of in-out balance were not records so the implementation rate of the 50%, comparison with the Nursing NAVI® Contents. About the item esteemed as required item, like, the thing with the low observation implementation rate became clear. We found that problem about estrangement of the difference between the planning the observation drafting and the implementation. The implementation item can see a little tendency much, and later, the plan item will be also a problem about the current state to which the necessary item is inferior.

PMID: 27332490 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Categories: nursing informatics

Using Model of Clinic Care Classification in Clinical Nursing Information System.

NLM - Nursing Informatics - Fri, 2018-01-26 17:59
Related Articles

Using Model of Clinic Care Classification in Clinical Nursing Information System.

Stud Health Technol Inform. 2016;225:1064-5

Authors: Huang HL, Lee CY, Chuang PL, Hsu CJ, Chen SC

Abstract
This article provides an example of the how to choose and use standardized nursing terminologies to build clinical nursing information system in the nursing process. In addition to describing the implement and apply clinic care classification (CCC) system, Evidence-based practice (EBP) and Clinical decision support systems (CDSS), by the nursing action automatic output nursing document.

PMID: 27332485 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Categories: nursing informatics

A Report on Nursing Information During Volunteer Activities Conducted by Nursing Faculty Members and Students After the Great East Japan Earthquake.

NLM - Nursing Informatics - Fri, 2018-01-26 17:59
Related Articles

A Report on Nursing Information During Volunteer Activities Conducted by Nursing Faculty Members and Students After the Great East Japan Earthquake.

Stud Health Technol Inform. 2016;225:1060-1

Authors: Tomizawa Y, Ichinose M, Onogi H, Suzuki C, Nakamura R, Misawa S

Abstract
A survey was conducted about nursing information in volunteer activities of nursing faculty members and students after the Great East Japan Earthquake. Results indicated that it was important to attempt collecting information in every possible way and to always be prepared. During activities, it is important to record information, to share information with individuals other than nursing professionals and to make good use of it.

PMID: 27332483 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Categories: nursing informatics

Nähe zum Menschen beeinflusst Tierwanderungen

ScienceTicker.Info - Fri, 2018-01-26 15:11
Säugetiere legen in Gebieten, die stark vom Menschen geprägt sind, nur zwischen der Hälfte und einem Drittel ihrer üblichen Wanderungen zurück. Das ermittelte ein internationales Forschungsteam, das die Wege von 57 verschiedenen Arten von Säugetieren per GPS dokumentierte.
Categories: Science News

Colleges and universities might become obsolete due to AI

Online learning update by Ray Schroeder - Fri, 2018-01-26 01:10

BY MARKOS PAPADATOS, Digital Journal
Artificial intelligence has transformed many industries such as manufacturing, corporations and retail, and now traditional challenges and universities are being challenged, as they need to prepare for a “technology-enabled” future. In the present moment, universities and traditional colleges are worried about competition derived from academic institutions that are using online learning technologies. Dr. Subhash Kak, a Regents Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering from Oklahoma State University, noted that online education is serious: a “disruptive challenge.”  One of the most powerful aspects of his article, which was published in The Conversation, dealt with the ever-changing job market. He makes a very valid point in that the number of jobs that involves cognitive and physical skills is diminishing, especially since automation at factories is replacing actual workers all around the world; moreover, artificial intelligence is eliminating high-skill jobs in offices.

http://www.digitaljournal.com/tech-and-science/technology/colleges-and-universities-might-become-obsolete-due-to-ai/article/512208

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Higher Education Is Drowning in BS

OLDaily by Stephen Downes - Thu, 2018-01-25 20:42

Christian Smith, https://www.chronicle.com//img/photos/biz/photo_85241_landscape_650x433.jpg, Jan 25, 2018

Perhaps unaware of Harry G. Frankfurt's publication employing the same rhetorical device, Christian Smith launches into a tirade lashing the contemporary university for everything from "universities hijacked by the relentless pursuit of money and prestige" to "third-tier universities offering mediocre graduate programs to train second-rate Ph.D. students for jobs that do not exist." Ah, but I love a good rant, and this is a good rant. I think that there's a point to many of his critiques, but I think my response to them on many would be the opposite of his. Also, a note on the artwork: the excrement of note is a flat, round pie-shaped deposit, not the organized pile depicted in the article, as any student in the field would know.

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Grade inflation could be the next battleground for higher education

OLDaily by Stephen Downes - Thu, 2018-01-25 20:33

Allan Howells, Wonkhe, Jan 25, 2018

The argument against grade inflation is based on the absurd premise that education isd a competition that ought to have far nore losers than winners. That, at least, is my view. This article points out "There is no doubt that improvements in primary and secondary school education have better-prepared students for their transition into higher education." As well, students "in a market economy and paying fees of £9,000+ per year, are demanding better degree outcomes." But let's not forget the real victims here. "With more students gaining higher grades it has become difficult for employers to distinguish between candidates using degree classification alone." Yeah, I feel for them.

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Relationships Can Be the Solution, Even to Difficult Challenges

OLDaily by Stephen Downes - Thu, 2018-01-25 20:23

edCircuit, Jan 25, 2018

I don't think that "healing" is the right response to the school shootings that are a weekly event in the United States. I think the response should be anger and rage and a determination not to "heal" until the technologies that enable these senseless slaughters are eliminated from society. Relationships? Sure, but only if they lead to political action that removes firearms from society. Any of these posts that focuses on thoughts and prayers and healing and relationships is actually creating more victims by somehow making it acceptable that this slaughter continues. If you are in educationm don't write about this issue unless you are writing about how to combat a use of technology that would in any other case be abhorrant and an outrage.

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PLATO and the History of Education Technology (That Wasn't)

OLDaily by Stephen Downes - Thu, 2018-01-25 20:12

Audrey Watters, Hack Education, Jan 25, 2018

My history intersects with that of Plato, but this intersection is short. Plato was, indeed, a computer0aided instruction (CAI) system, even as late as the 1990s when I looked at it. That made it innovative (though by 1990, not that innovative). But what it wasn't, in any way sense or form was open. A school like ours would invest either in Plato or in the internet; there wasn't a middle ground. Which means, I think, we need to ask where Plato fits in the history of instructional technology. Any number of people were creating mainframe 'teaching machines'. To my mind, the really important  instructional technology advances were communications technologies such as Usenet and email, and sharing technologies such as FTP, Gopher, and the web. I tried to convince the Plato representatives to release an internet version of the software. But there was no future in that, I was told.

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Why true equity in learning depends on proactive, not reactive, design

OLDaily by Stephen Downes - Thu, 2018-01-25 20:01

Julia Freeland Fisher, Christensen Institute, Jan 25, 2018

Julia Freeland Fisher did not hear my pitch for affordances, not outcomes, in innovation, but there is an overlap between what she says in her column here and what I said yesterday." The risk of oversimplifying personalized learning on the front end is that we may fail to successfully leverage what works, for which students, in specific circumstances; especially in light of messy human relationships, political dynamics, and histories of discrimination," she writes. The focus of her article is on the idea of designing for accessibility from the outset. But if you weren't interested in affordances, you wouldn't be interested in accessibility. Or so I claim.

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Every study we could find on what automation will do to jobs, in one chart

OLDaily by Stephen Downes - Thu, 2018-01-25 19:53

Erin Winick, Technology Review, Jan 25, 2018

When you are preparing students for jobs of the future, what are you preparing them for? It's unlikely you know. "No one agrees. Predictions range from optimistic to devastating, differing by tens of millions of jobs even when comparing similar time frames."

Web: [Direct Link] [This Post]

A Network of Experts: From Content Curation to Insight Curation

OLDaily by Stephen Downes - Thu, 2018-01-25 12:47

Joe Arets, Bob Danna, Charles Jennings, Laci Loew, Chief Learning Officer, Jan 25, 2018

This is a pretty interesting article and is worth reading in its own right. But I want to digress in this post with a comment that is really only periphrial to the article. The author writes, "evidence suggests that teams containing or connected to experts always outperform even the best and brightest of individual experts, particularly when enabled with software or technology." Yes. I have no reason to doubt this. The team outperforns the individual. If they're doing the same thing. My experience with teams is that they want to do the wrong thing very well. I find myself working alone a lot because the team wants to work with much more traditional (even 'folk') versions of knowledge and learning, notions that have to my mind long since been discredited. This to my mind is why diversity and autonomy are so vital to networks.

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