news (external)

The Real Reason College Tuition Costs So Much

OLDaily by Stephen Downes - Wed, 2015-04-08 16:44
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Paul Campos, New York Times, Apr 08, 2015

I saw this post the other day and was suspicious when I read the phrase "legislative appropriations to higher education" being compared to U.S. military spending. This could mean anything! The point the author is trying to make is that government investments have not declined, while costs meanwhile have soared due primarily to higher spending on administration. Fredrik deBoer does a proper  refutation of the article. "He cites essentially none of his data," argues deBoer, and "he constantly mixes federal and state spending." Worse, "Campos is contradicted by other data that actually spells out a methodology and where the numbers came from." Campos focuses on the larger overall cost of the system, but as deBoer, far more students are enrolled today, and the government investment per capita has dropped. To me, the core question is, why would the NY Times publish such sloppy argumentation in the first place? There was once a time when the newspaper had standards. Those times are long gone. Via Bryan Alexander.

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Inside America's Subscription-Box Obsession

OLDaily by Stephen Downes - Wed, 2015-04-08 16:44
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Elizabeth Segran, Fast Company, Apr 08, 2015

One of the great things about the internet is that it's possible to find entire communities devoted to things you've never heard of. This article describes the phenomenon of subscription boxes: the idea is that for a set fee you receive a box every month or so with a selection of items around a theme.  My Subscription Addiction lists hundreds, maybe thousands, of these, with reviews. For example, there's Prospurly is a brand new subscription box that focuses on natural and artisan products (review), Tippy Taste, a monthly jewelry  box (review), or the  My Geeky Goodies box (review). The idea is not only that you get these boxes in the mail, but you can also join the online community that forms around the boxes, contributing videos of the  opening and discussing the items. Birchbox, which started the trend, for example has dedicated  YouTube and  Instagram channels.

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Competency-based education is all the rage: What is it?

OLDaily by Stephen Downes - Wed, 2015-04-08 16:44
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Kimberly K. Estep, The Tennessean, Apr 08, 2015

James Morrison recommends this article as "the clearest explanation of CBE that I have read." As the author, Kimberly K. Estep, makes clear, "simply put, competency-based education measures learning rather than seat time." Put like that, how could anyone possibly object to competency-based education? And here's why it works: "He enrolled in WGU Tennessee and moved quickly through basic IT coursework and was able to spend more time on material he was unfamiliar with. Phillip completed his bachelor's degree in 10 months and then went on to earn his master's degree in Information Security Assurance in a single term." On your way to certification, you zip through the stuff you already know and linger on the stuff you're unfamiliar with. Why would you do it any other way?

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Gathering requirements for a student app for learning analytics

OLDaily by Stephen Downes - Wed, 2015-04-08 16:44
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Niall Sclater, Sclater Digital, Apr 08, 2015

"What data and analytics should be presented directly to students?" This is the question posed by Niall Sclater in his review of a JISC workshop in London a month ago. The group was prompted with suggestions related to information provision (progress, engagement, exam times) and prompts for action (reminders, prompts, uploads). The result is a long list of possible types of analytic information to be presented to students (not sorted by preference or anything, and you'd need a different group to do that). So is it anything a reasonably informed person could have come up with on their own? Well, no. Is it important to go through the process? Yes. From the same author: a  taxonomy of ethical, legal and logistical issues of learning analytics

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Open ends?

OLDaily by Stephen Downes - Wed, 2015-04-08 16:44
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Brian Lamb, Abject, Apr 08, 2015

I answer this in the affirmative: "Would the cause of open be better served if we go further in this direction, and stop talking about 'open' as a goal and instead focus on using it as a tactic to support allies who care about authentic, engaged, accessible, sustainable, and relevant public education?" In Sausalito last week one person said that people were convinced to adopt OERs only when pointed out that they help the students learn. And I kept talking about the reason why we support open education and open educational resources. I think that this may create some divisions in the movement, as talking about objectives will cleave the publishers and the educators. But I think that's a good thing.

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My Viva

OLDaily by Stephen Downes - Wed, 2015-04-08 16:44
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Stephen Downes, Half an Hour, Apr 08, 2015

Patrick Dunleavy offers this list of ten typical questions that might be asked on your PhD oral exam. I always felt I would have aced my oral exam, but I never got to take it because my examiners did not want me to work on network theory. So how would I have answered these questions? Dunleavy's post begs a response, and I offer it here in this article.

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The Future of On-Campus Higher Education?

OLDaily by Stephen Downes - Wed, 2015-04-08 16:44


Margaret Andrews, Inside Higher Ed, Apr 08, 2015

I'm not sure exactly when this came out (it's copyrighted 2100) but it's more Stanford hubris, 'discovering' a future the rest of us have been talking about for years. Here are the major elements:

  • Education will be fully envisaged as a lifelong journey, rather than a one-shot, four-year stint
  • The education will focus more on skill acquisition than disciplinary topics and therefore the university will be organized around competency hubs, rather than academic fields
  • The education model will move from an industrial revolution-style, one-size-fits-few freshman/sophomore/junior/senior classification to a personal-paced learning program
  • The school will move away from having students declare a major, toward having them declare a purpose

Of these, the last is the most interesting. But I have the feeling that, in the end, 'purpose' will be selected from a drop-down list. Because, you know, standardized vocabulary.

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ClassDojo: Do I Want it in My Kid's Class?

OLDaily by Stephen Downes - Wed, 2015-04-08 16:44
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Manoush Zomorodi, New Tech City, Apr 08, 2015

According to this article, "one out of every two U.S. schools has a teacher  tracking  that kind of data with  one extremely popular app,  ClassDojo." According to their blog, they have a user base of "millions more in over 100 countries." The application encourages and rewards specific behaviours in class (see the introduction) such as teamwork, participation, working hard, participating and persistence. Penalties are applied for things like disrespect, talking out of turn, being unprepared or being off-task. The marketing is viral, with one teacher  recommending it to others. There have been  criticisms of the service, notably from the NY Times, over privacy concerns, to which the company  has responded. New Tech City reports, "Sam Chaudhary, co-founder of ClassDojo, tells us flatly 'we are not a data company.' He explains how  he plans to grow a tech company without harnessing user data." Via Alexander Russo.

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edX MOOC Research Gives Clearer Picture, Challenges Assumptions

OLDaily by Stephen Downes - Wed, 2015-04-08 16:44
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Dian Schaffhauser, Campus Technology, Apr 08, 2015

The results from one LMS and 68 courses do not define the picture of learning for all time. But it's hard to deny that they're in a different league from the stereotypical 'class of 40 psychology undergrads' when it comes to research on students and learning. So I'll grant them that. And their research replicates much of the work that  Fournier and Kop have found working with connectivist MOOCs (a far more substantial body of research that doesn't make the pages of Campus Technology because it's not from MIT, but should). Some of the significant things: First, "equity cannot be increased just by opening doors." Second, "researchers have taken a stand against the idea that energy needs to be put into improving completion rates of MOOCs." Third, "emphasis on formalizing the 'flow of pedagogical innovations' between the MOOCs and their face-to-face counterparts on campus." Image: NY Times.

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5 Ways to Ace Discussion Board Assignments in an Online Class

Online learning update by Ray Schroeder - Wed, 2015-04-08 02:10
by Devon Haynie, US News If online students want to have a real conversation about class material, they have one place to do it: the discussion board, a major component of most online courses. “They are the best part of the classes,” says Paulina Erices, who is earning her online bachelor’s degree in psychology from Pennsylvania State University—World Campus. “The interaction on the discussion boards allows me to hear other people’s opinions. They have life experiences related to what we are studying and it is really interesting because it goes beyond what we are studying to what is happening in the field.” When online discussion boards come together well, students can actually learn more from them than from other parts of class, instructors say. But getting the most out of a discussion board – and earning the high marks to show for it – isn’t easy. Below, experts share tips for how to ace the discussion board component of online class.

http://www.usnews.com/education/online-education/articles/2015/04/03/5-ways-to-ace-discussion-board-assignments-in-an-online-class

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First accredited online school, Jones University, to shutter in 2016

Online learning update by Ray Schroeder - Wed, 2015-04-08 02:04

By Tamara Chuang, The Denver Post

Jones International University, the first online-only university, is winding down and will close next year because of declining enrollment and competition, the school said Thursday. The Centennial-based school notified students and faculty this week and said it won’t close until it has helped every student graduate or transfer to a new school. “We examined a number of operational strategies and determined that none would be sufficient to turn around the market dynamics,” chief operating officer Bryan Wallace said. Jones faced competition not only from startup schools but traditional universities moving courses online. There was also the economy.

http://www.denverpost.com/business/ci_27839174/first-accredited-online-school-jones-university-shutter-2016

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Comcast leapfrogs Google Fiber with new 2Gbps internet service

Online learning update by Ray Schroeder - Wed, 2015-04-08 02:03

By Vlad Savov, the Verge

Rollout begins in Atlanta next month and will reach 18 million American homes by the end of the year. The US cable giant, Comcast, is today announcing a new 2Gbps broadband service, which it will start rolling out in Atlanta from next month. There’s no price yet, but Comcast says it will be symmetrical — meaning you’ll upload just as quickly as you can download — and it won’t be limited “just to certain neighborhoods.” Doug Guthrie, Senior VP of Comcast Cable’s South Region, explains that the company’s “approach is to offer the most comprehensive rollout of multi-gigabit service to the most homes as quickly as possible.” That’s in stark contrast to what Comcast was saying just a couple of years ago, when it dismissed Google’s Fiber efforts as being excessive for most people’s needs.

http://www.theverge.com/2015/4/2/8330267/comcast-2gbps-gigabit-pro-broadband

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Scenery Cheat Sheet

xkcd.com - Wed, 2015-04-08 02:00
Categories: Cartoons, Science News

Parkinson-Tag am 11.04.2015

Gesundheitsberichterstattung - Wed, 2015-04-08 00:00
Ausgewählte Informationen zum Parkinson-Tag am 11.04.2015
Categories: Science News

Interview with Linda Burnes Bolton, DrPH, RN, FAAN: American Organization of Nurse Executives, http://www.aone.org.

NLM - Nursing Informatics - Tue, 2015-04-07 13:42
Related Articles

Interview with Linda Burnes Bolton, DrPH, RN, FAAN: American Organization of Nurse Executives, http://www.aone.org.

Comput Inform Nurs. 2014 Mar;32(3):108-9

Authors: Burnes Bolton L, Sensmeier J

PMID: 24783245 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Categories: nursing informatics

Interview with Vicki Vallejos, BSN, RN-BC: American Nursing Informatics Association (ANIA), http://www.ania.org/.

NLM - Nursing Informatics - Tue, 2015-04-07 13:42
Related Articles

Interview with Vicki Vallejos, BSN, RN-BC: American Nursing Informatics Association (ANIA), http://www.ania.org/.

Comput Inform Nurs. 2014 Mar;32(3):105-7

Authors: Vallejos V, Sensmeier J

PMID: 24642857 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Categories: nursing informatics

Mobile nursing information system utilization: the task-technology fit perspective.

NLM - Nursing Informatics - Tue, 2015-04-07 13:42
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Mobile nursing information system utilization: the task-technology fit perspective.

Comput Inform Nurs. 2014 Mar;32(3):129-37

Authors: Lin TC

Abstract
Task-technology fit theory considers how technology may best be deployed to support individuals and facilitate the completion of tasks. This study separates the fit construct into the two realms of task-technology fit and technology-individual fit and integrates organization readiness with the objective of investigating the effectiveness of mobile nursing information systems in terms of helping nursing staff to accomplish daily clinical tasks. Study participants were clinical professionals with system usage experience who work at one medical center. Results indicated that technology-individual fit is the factor that most strongly influences usage, followed respectively by task-technology fit and organization readiness. Therefore, strategies designed to implement mobile nursing information systems should focus greater effort on fitting the system to system users by making these systems easy to learn and use, and training easy to complete. System functions should not only facilitate accomplishment of daily clinical tasks such as quickly obtaining information and accurate data but also be portable and provide a user-friendly, easy-to-operate interface. Organizational readiness, the commitment and support of top management, and nursing staff willingness to learn and use the new system are also important factors that influence system usage.

PMID: 24419090 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Categories: nursing informatics

Investigating the efficacy of an intelligent operation planning and support tool for acute healthcare contexts.

NLM - Nursing Informatics - Tue, 2015-04-07 13:42
Related Articles

Investigating the efficacy of an intelligent operation planning and support tool for acute healthcare contexts.

Stud Health Technol Inform. 2013;192:927

Authors: Wickramasinghe N, Kent B, Moghimi FH, Nguyen L, Redley B, Taylor N, Muhammed I, Botti M

Abstract
Nurses are the largest group of healthcare professionals in hospitals providing 24-hour care to patients. Hence, nurses are pivotal in coordinating and communicating patient care information in the complex network of healthcare professionals, services and other care processes. Yet, despite nurses' central role in health care delivery, intelligent systems have historically rarely been designed around nurses' operational needs. This could explain the poor integration of technologies into nursing work processes and consequent rejection by nursing professionals. The complex nature of acute care delivery in hospitals and the frequently interrupted patterns of nursing work suggest that nurses require flexible intelligent systems that can support and adapt to their variable workflow patterns. This study is designed to explore nurses' initial reactions to a new intelligent operational planning and support tool (IOPST) for acute healthcare. The following reports on the first stage of a longitudinal project to use an innovative approach involving nurses in the development of the IOPST; from conceptualization to implementation.

PMID: 23920701 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Categories: nursing informatics

Nursing informatics and nursing ethics: addressing their disconnect through an enhanced TIGER-vision.

NLM - Nursing Informatics - Tue, 2015-04-07 13:42
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Nursing informatics and nursing ethics: addressing their disconnect through an enhanced TIGER-vision.

Stud Health Technol Inform. 2013;192:879-83

Authors: Kaltoft MK

Abstract
All healthcare visions, including that of The TIGER (Technology-Informatics-Guiding-Educational-Reform) Initiative envisage a crucial role for nursing. However, its 7 descriptive pillars do not address the disconnect between Nursing Informatics and Nursing Ethics and their distinct communities in the clinical-disciplinary landscape. Each sees itself as providing decision support by way of information inputs and ethical insights, respectively. Both have reasons - ideological, professional, institutional - for their task construction, but this simultaneously disables each from engaging fully in the point-of-(care)-decision. Increased pressure for translating 'evidence-based' research findings into 'ethically-sound', 'value-based' and 'patient-centered' practice requires rethinking the model implicit in conventional knowledge translation and informatics practice in all disciplines, including nursing. The aim is to aid 'how nurses and other health care scientists more clearly identify clinical and other relevant data that can be captured to inform future comparative effectiveness research. 'A prescriptive, theory-based discipline of '(Nursing) Decisionics' expands the Grid for Volunteer Development of TIGER's newly launched virtual learning environment (VLE). This provides an enhanced TIGER-vision for educational reform to deliver ethically coherent, person-centered care transparently.

PMID: 23920684 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Categories: nursing informatics

International priorities for research in nursing informatics for patient care.

NLM - Nursing Informatics - Tue, 2015-04-07 13:42
Related Articles

International priorities for research in nursing informatics for patient care.

Stud Health Technol Inform. 2013;192:372-6

Authors: Dowding DW, Currie LM, Borycki E, Clamp S, Favela J, Fitzpatrick G, Gardner P, Hamer S, Hardiker N, Johnson O, Lawton R, O'Brien A, Randell R, Westbrook J, Whitewood-Moores Z, Dykes PC

Abstract
The Nursing Informatics International Research Network (NIIRN) is a group of experts who are collaborating on the development of internationally relevant research programs for nursing informatics. In this paper we outline key findings of a survey exploring international research priorities for nursing informatics. The survey was available online during May-August 2012. Respondents were asked to rate each of 20 listed research topics in terms of respondent's views of its priority for nursing informatics research. 468 completed surveys were received representing respondents from six World Health Organization regions. The two most highly ranked areas of importance for research were development of systems to provide real time feedback to nurses and assessment of the impact of HIT on nursing care and patient outcomes. The lowest ranked research topics were theory development and integrating genomic data into clinical information systems. The identification of these priorities provides a basis for future international collaborative research in the field of nursing informatics.

PMID: 23920579 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Categories: nursing informatics

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