news (external)

Welt-MS-Tag (Multiple Sklerose) am 30.05.2019Motto: MS - vieles ist unsichtbar

Gesundheitsberichterstattung - Fri, 2019-05-24 00:00
Ausgewählte Informationen zum Welt-MS-Tag (Multiple Sklerose) am 30.05.2019
Motto: MS - vieles ist unsichtbar
Categories: Science News

[Establishing a Nursing Informatics System to Improve the Completion Rate of Computed Tomography Simulation With Contrast Injection].

NLM - Nursing Informatics - Thu, 2019-05-23 12:39
Related Articles

[Establishing a Nursing Informatics System to Improve the Completion Rate of Computed Tomography Simulation With Contrast Injection].

Hu Li Za Zhi. 2018 Dec;65(6):78-86

Authors: Tseng PH, Jih YR, Yang CY

Abstract
BACKGROUND & PROBLEMS: Problems that influence the safety and quality of the patient-positioning process during computed tomography (CT) simulation with contrast injection include: 1) inconsistent and incomplete procedures performed by medical staffs, 2) poor prevention of developer leakage and handling of side-effects, and 3) the lack of a standardized protocol. Desire to improve this situation encouraged us to do this project. Adverse events during CT simulation with contrast injection procedures are largely attributable to the lack of a standardized nursing informatics system, with other causes including nurses incorrectly performing allergy history assessments, incorrect communications with the doctor due to verbal orders given by phone, failure to perform proper patient identification and intravenous catheterization procedures, lack of assessment and knowledge about contrasts, lack of guidelines for warming contrast in the incubator, and lack of oxygen and sputum suction equipment.
PURPOSE: To improve the rate of completion of CT simulation with contrast injection procedures from 65% to 95%.
RESOLUTION: This project was conducted between April 2016 and December 2016. Our strategy included establishing a nursing informatics system for the CT simulation with contrast injection process. This system included a standard patient-identification procedure, protocol for the correct placement of intravenous needles, standard specifications for the using an incubator with contrast, installation of oxygen and sputum suction equipment, and implementation of a nursing education and training program.
RESULTS: This project with associated strategies improved CT simulation with contrast injection completion rates in all domains from the original 65% to 95% at the end of the project period.
CONCLUSIONS: This project improved significantly the completion rates of the CT simulation with contrast injection process. We want to share this experience to help other hospitals and to improve patient safety and quality of care.

PMID: 30488415 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Categories: nursing informatics

3 changes higher ed leaders should be ready to make

Online learning update by Ray Schroeder - Thu, 2019-05-23 02:09

Natalie Schwartz, Education Dive

Bringing clarity to credentials, reckoning with racist histories and reforming remediation can help attract and retain today’s students. For one, who is going to college is shifting. Student populations are more diverse than ever, and a growing number of working adults are enrolling in postsecondary education. As the market pushes back on rising tuition, colleges are feeling the pressure to respond to a wider range of student needs while still striving to improve their outcomes. The format of education is also undergoing a transformation. Automation of the workplace is requiring workers to upskill or reskill more quickly, ushering in a need for more efficient and accessible ways to earn credentials.

https://www.educationdive.com/news/3-changes-higher-ed-leaders-should-be-ready-to-make/554594/

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Apple CEO Tim Cook: You don’t need a degree to code mobile apps

Online learning update by Ray Schroeder - Thu, 2019-05-23 02:04

Liam Tung, ZDNet
To lead Apple you could need a degree. But to sell apps on the App Store you certainly don’t, says Tim Cook. Computer-science graduates in the US can expect to pay over $100,000 to get an education and a piece of paper that says they’ve completed a bachelor’s degree. But can that paper say anything about their proficiency at coding? Apple co-founders Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak didn’t have degrees when they launched what has become one of the most valuable companies in the world. And now Apple CEO Tim Cook is spreading the word that would-be programmers really don’t need the endorsement of a university to be able to create something of commercial value, such as an app for the Apple App Store.

https://www.zdnet.com/article/apple-ceo-tim-cook-you-dont-need-a-degree-to-code-mobile-apps/

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The Good and the Bad: Choose the Best OPM, According to Dr. Chuck

Online learning update by Ray Schroeder - Thu, 2019-05-23 02:03

Mikel Amigot and Zoe Mackay, IBL

Online program management (OPM) companies are on the rise, but in Severance’s view, there are good OPMs and bad OPMs. “The best way to describe the difference between [them] is that good OPMs take less of your money than the bad OPMs. The bad OPMs like to take more than 50% of the revenue.” edX and Coursera are good OPMs, says Severance, “in that they bring a lot to the table, the market, they do things globally that no school will ever be able to do. The University of Michigan could never have the global reach, no matter how many people we hired, that we get by being part of edX and Coursera.”

https://iblnews.org/2019/05/13/the-good-and-the-bad-choosing-the-best-opm-according-to-dr-chuck-part-ii/

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A crosswalk between the Omaha System and guiding undergraduate public health nursing education documents.

Related Articles

A crosswalk between the Omaha System and guiding undergraduate public health nursing education documents.

Public Health Nurs. 2019 03;36(2):215-225

Authors: Stalter AM, Harrington S, Eardley DL, DeBlieck CJ, Blanchette LP, Whitten L

Abstract
The Omaha System is the hallmark evidence-based clinical information management system used in nursing education, research, and practice. Multiple education documents guide public health workforce preparation. This qualitative study identified similarities and gaps between the Omaha System and seven guiding documents commonly used by nurse educators. A crosswalk design was employed. The setting was virtually based using online technology. Recommendations are for public health nurse educators to update their teaching practices using evidence-based approaches.

PMID: 30680792 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Categories: nursing informatics

Feasibility of describing community strengths relative to Omaha system concepts.

Related Articles

Feasibility of describing community strengths relative to Omaha system concepts.

Public Health Nurs. 2019 03;36(2):245-253

Authors: Kerr MJ, Gargantua-Aguila SDR, Glavin K, Honey MLL, Nahcivan NO, Secginli S, Martin KS, Monsen KA

Abstract
OBJECTIVES: The purpose was to determine the feasibility of using a standardized language, the Omaha System, to describe community-level strengths. The objectives were: (a) to evaluate the feasibility of using the Omaha System at the community level to reflect community strengths and (b) to describe preliminary results of community strengths observations across international settings.
DESIGN AND SAMPLE: A descriptive qualitative design was used. The sample was a data set of 284 windshield surveys by nursing students in 5 countries: Mexico, New Zealand, Norway, Turkey, and the United States.
MEASURES: An online survey included a checklist and open-ended questions on community strengths for 11 concepts of the Omaha System Problem Classification Scheme: Income, Sanitation, Residence, Neighborhood/workplace safety, Communication with community resources, Social contact, Interpersonal relationship, Spirituality, Nutrition, Substance use, and Health care supervision. Themes were derived through content analysis of responses to the open-ended questions.
RESULTS: Feasibility was demonstrated: Students were able to use the Omaha System terms and collect data on strengths. Common themes were described among the five countries.
CONCLUSIONS: The Omaha System appears to be useful in documenting community-level strengths. Themes and exemplar quotes provide a first step in developing operational definitions of strengths at a more granular level.

PMID: 30488544 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Categories: nursing informatics

Using the Omaha System to determine health problems of urban Syrian immigrants.

Related Articles

Using the Omaha System to determine health problems of urban Syrian immigrants.

Public Health Nurs. 2019 03;36(2):126-133

Authors: Ardic A, Esin MN, Koc S, Bayraktar B, Sunal N

Abstract
OBJECTIVE(S): This study assessed the health problems of Syrian immigrants living in urban areas using the Omaha System.
DESIGN: A descriptive and observational study was conducted in Istanbul.
SAMPLE: The sample included 51 Syrian immigrant families and 248 Syrian refugees.
MEASURES: Data were collected using the Omaha System-Problem Classification List and a sociodemographic questionnaire.
RESULTS: The average household size was 6.36; 71% of those over the age of 18 were not employed. Only 8.5% of children aged 0-15 were vaccinated; 15 nursing problems and 46 signs and symptoms were diagnosed using the Problem Classification List scale. Personal care was the most frequently diagnosed problem, followed by Sanitation, Communication with community resources, Mental health, and Residence.
CONCLUSIONS: Health and social problems are common Syrian immigrants living in urban areas. The Omaha System-Problem Classification List can be used as a tool by public health nurses to identify health problems encountered by immigrants.

PMID: 30467898 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Categories: nursing informatics

Four ways AI is being used for social good

Online learning update by Ray Schroeder - Wed, 2019-05-22 02:10

Tim Cooper, Raconteur

The amount of available data and technology that AI can process intelligently has snowballed as the internet has increasingly integrated with our lives through tablets, phones and wearables. The advent of the internet of things – the extension of internet connectivity into everyday objects – has taken this even further.  These advances have enabled a wide range of bodies, including companies, governments and non-governmental organisations, to start working together to use AI for social good and has already produced some groundbreaking results in vital areas. And some of the most powerful organisations in the world, such as the US government, Google, Microsoft and Facebook, have all deployed AI for positive social initiatives.

https://www.raconteur.net/technology/ai-social-good

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Up-skilling for Today’s Workforce: a Perspective from Lisa Stephens, SUNY

Online learning update by Ray Schroeder - Wed, 2019-05-22 02:06

By IBL News

“There are a lot of people who need to up-skill in order to stay current and competitive in the job market… I think there is a huge opportunity for continuing and professional education, and MicroMasters and stackable credentials in particular.” The SUNY system is a pioneer in open education resources (OER) production, such as their open textbook initiative, which she says leads to a “natural extension to then look at online education and opening up education in general.”

https://iblnews.org/2019/04/19/up-skilling-for-todays-workforce-a-perspective-from-lisa-stephens-suny/

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Lifelong learning for professional and personal skills

Online learning update by Ray Schroeder - Wed, 2019-05-22 02:02

Herald Mail Media

This is not something that you do when you have the time. It must be done regardless of whatever else you are doing here and now. At startup or even while running a well-established business, new learning must take place while on the job. Fortunately, new technologies that enable work-time learning have emerged for acquiring new professional and personal skill set development. Thus, you can plan and start a lifelong learning program while working, and the program need not have any reference to the work you are doing today. The plan should be designed primarily for work you either want to do more effectively now, or entirely new work that you want to be qualified for in the future. But it should also include personal learning objectives as well.

https://www.heraldmailmedia.com/news/business/lifelong-learning-for-professional-and-personal-skills/article_660772ae-4da1-5630-bcaa-9b1a14cbc985.html

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DKMS-Tag (Knochenmarkspende) am 28.05.2019

Gesundheitsberichterstattung - Wed, 2019-05-22 00:00
Ausgewählte Informationen zum DKMS-Tag (Knochenmarkspende) am 28.05.2019
Categories: Science News

AI Needs an Ethical Compass. This Tool Can Help

Online learning update by Ray Schroeder - Tue, 2019-05-21 02:10

Ovetta Sampson, IDEO

Today, data systems and algorithms can be deployed at unprecedented scale and speed—and unintended consequences will affect people with that same scale and speed. How can we always make sure we’re putting people first when designing large scale systems? Especially when those systems will change over time and evolve without direct human supervision?

https://www.ideo.com/blog/ai-needs-an-ethical-compass-this-tool-can-help

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Top Schools Are Offering More Blockchain, Cryptocurrency Courses

Online learning update by Ray Schroeder - Tue, 2019-05-21 02:02

Kyle Kucharski, PC Magazine

More and more students are interested in studying blockchain technology, and universities are meeting the demand. It’s not just computer science majors, either: a study by Coinbase shows that students across various disciplines are interested in the technology.
https://www.pcmag.com/news/368277/top-schools-are-offering-more-blockchain-cryptocurrency-cou

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Closing America’s Skills Gap

Online learning update by Ray Schroeder - Tue, 2019-05-21 02:01

By Kelly Palmer, Barron’s

The United States does not have the world’s most-skilled labor force; that distinction belongs to Finland, according to the World Economic Forum. The U.S. does not have the most advanced vocational training, either; that’s found in Switzerland, which is “also the most effective with active labor-market policies encouraging reskilling and retraining,” according to a nearly 700-page report from the Forum.

The economic implications of this skills shortfall are huge.

https://www.barrons.com/articles/closing-americas-skills-gap-51557528292

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What Are The Most Significant AI Advances We Will See In The Near Future?

Online learning update by Ray Schroeder - Mon, 2019-05-20 02:09

Sudheesh Nair, Forbes

In the next few decades, the technology industry will continue to make substantial advances in how AI can be applied, but the greater impact will come not from future nascent applications but by the widespread adoption of AI by other industries today we interact with on a daily basis. No industry will be safe from this change, but here are some of the industries that will change most significantly with the adoption of AI.

https://www.forbes.com/sites/quora/2019/05/10/what-are-the-most-significant-ai-advances-we-will-see-in-the-near-future/

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Private Colleges Team Up with Harvard Business School Online to Create Unique Hybrid Learning Program

Online learning update by Ray Schroeder - Mon, 2019-05-20 02:08

Yahoo Finance

“When we built this course, one of my hopes was that it could be utilized to educate young people about the important role that business has in tackling some of the challenging issues of our time,” said Harvard Business School Professor Rebecca Henderson . “The students and faculty from the MCA campuses who participated in this pilot are pioneers, and I look forward to seeing how they will apply the learnings from our course in their own communities.” The participating colleges created a blended learning offering where students registered for a sustainable business course led by their own faculty and featuring the HBS Online course led by Professor Henderson. Students then applied their learnings through projects with businesses that were facing sustainability challenges, including Wolverine Worldwide and Merrill.

https://finance.yahoo.com/news/private-colleges-team-harvard-business-130500430.html

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Google’s latest AI art project turns your face into a ‘poem portrait’

Online learning update by Ray Schroeder - Mon, 2019-05-20 02:02

James Vincent, the Verge

Google is always sponsoring weird and inventive projects with the help of artificial intelligence, and its latest is characteristically odd. Named PoemPortraits, the web app takes a word of your suggestion and combines it with a selfie to create the eponymous poem portrait. Basically, it’s an Instagram filter paired with a few lines of AI-generated poetry. It’s fun and strange and worth a few minutes of your time to mess around with. I created the image above using the word “malfeasance” and a picture of Keanu Reeves (because looking at his face is undoubtedly preferable to looking at mine).

https://www.theverge.com/2019/5/2/18526783/google-ai-art-project-poem-portrait-es-devlin-ross-goodwin

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Researchers make transformational AI seem ‘unremarkable’

Online learning update by Ray Schroeder - Sun, 2019-05-19 02:10

Science Daily

A surgeon might never feel the need to ask an AI for advice, much less allow it to make a clinical decision for them, said John Zimmerman, the Tang Family Professor of Artificial Intelligence and Human-Computer Interaction in CMU’s Human-Computer Interaction Institute (HCII). But an AI might guide decisions if it were embedded in the decision-making routines already used by the clinical team, providing AI-generated predictions and evaluations as part of the overall mix of information. Zimmerman and his colleagues call this approach “Unremarkable AI.” “The idea is that AI should be unremarkable in the sense that you don’t have to think about it and it doesn’t get in the way,” Zimmerman said. “Electricity is completely unremarkable until you don’t have it.”

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/05/190508093723.htm

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We urgently need an ethical framework to ensure the machines we are developing do not pose a threat

Online learning update by Ray Schroeder - Sun, 2019-05-19 02:05

Jason Si, World Economic Forum
The possibility of man-made machines turning against their creators has become a trendy topic these days. Undoubtedly, Isaac Asimov’s Three Laws of Robotics are no longer fit for purpose. For the sake of the global public good, we need something serious and more specific to safeguard our limitless ambitions – and humanity itself.  If data is the new oil, then AI is the new drill – and to extend this analogy, malfunctioning algorithms are the new pollution.
It is important to note that malfunction does not equal malevolence. Likewise, good intentions do not guarantee a lack of legal, ethical and social troubles.

https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2019/05/these-rules-could-save-humanity-from-the-threat-of-rogue-ai/

 

 

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