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Tag der älteren Menschen am 01.10.2016

Gesundheitsberichterstattung - Tue, 2016-09-27 00:00
Ausgewählte Informationen zum Tag der älteren Menschen am 01.10.2016
Categories: Science News

Determinants of Teachers' Attitudes Towards E-Learning in Tanzanian Higher Learning Institutions

OLDaily by Stephen Downes - Mon, 2016-09-26 19:50


Dalton H. Kisanga, The International Review of Research in Open, Distributed Learning, Sept 26, 2016

This is a good paper, crisply written (notice, for example, how the literature review is to the point, relevant to the topic, and supports the conceptual design of the study). It's a simple survey, but at least consisted of a random sample (within constraints) and we see the actual questions. Analysis looked at responses across clusters of questions, considering for example a person's attitude to e-learning, and mapped them to demographic and other factors. Positive attitudes toward e-learning are associated with exposure to e-learning (in line with the theory of the mere exposure effect) and "are also in line with the developed conceptual framework of this study adapted from the TAM theoretical model, which explains the relationship between an individual's perceived ease of use (EoU) and attitude (A) towards a stimulus." Meanwhile, "teachers' negative attitudes towards e-learning could be attributed to other external factors that can hinder e-learning adoption."

[Link] [Comment]

A Far Cry from School History: Massive Online Open Courses as a Generative Source for Historical Research

OLDaily by Stephen Downes - Mon, 2016-09-26 19:50


Silvia Gallagher, Ciaran Wallace, The International Review of Research in Open, Distributed Learning, Sept 26, 2016

Good article that takes advantage of the fact that in some MOOCs knowledge is created and not merely transmitted. "Learner participation in MOOCs is a two way process whereby learners are both consumers and producers of knowledge. In these connectivist environments, learners are not only being encouraged to interact with one another, but are also given the facility to share and create content." This paper is a detailed examination of how this can work and reports on a specific case; "The MOOC examined in this research focuses on the revolutionary period between 1912 and 1923 in Ireland, and was delivered over six weeks by Trinity College Dublin, Ireland, and Futurelearn." Good paper in what is a pretty uneven issue of IRRODL.

[Link] [Comment]

New LinkedIn features emphasize learning as more workers face threat of automation

OLDaily by Stephen Downes - Mon, 2016-09-26 19:50


Nat Levy, GeekWire, Sept 26, 2016

This article is more about the e-learning feature in LinkedIn than it is about the dangers of automation. Right now the  LinkedIn Learning services offers premiun subscribers a course-finding service, online learning support, and posting of newly acquired competencies on the personal profile, basically combining services offered by LinkedIn and Lynda.com. The next part of the system is obviously a job-matching feature that will recommend opportunities to users, and potential candidates to employers.

[Link] [Comment]

The how’s, why’s and what-to-do’s of cloud security in higher education.

Online learning update by Ray Schroeder - Mon, 2016-09-26 02:05

BY MERIS STANSBURY, eCampus News

According to a number of cybersecurity experts, no platform or industry is immune from data breaches, especially as targeted “hacktivism” is on the rise, says John Wethington, cybersecurity executive at Ground Labs. But if the cloud is “only as safe as the administrative credentials of a single person,” how can colleges and universities focus on identifying all of the data they have and reducing their digital footprint? In 2015, Ken Westin, senior security analyst at Tripwire, as well as FBI experts working the case, said Penn State’s attack by Chinese cyber terrorists was part of a larger campaign targeting similar departments and groups in higher education in a search for intellectual property. Now, in 2016, during an interview with Wethington on cloud security issues in higher education, it seems this type of what he calls “hacktivism” is on the rise.

http://www.ecampusnews.com/safety-and-security/cloud-security-hacktivism/

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Why it makes sense to study online

Online learning update by Ray Schroeder - Mon, 2016-09-26 02:02

by the Sociable

In recent years, online learning has gone from strength to strength, with more and more students opting to take their degree courses online rather than attending physical classes. Online learning is becoming more accepted and “normal” in today’s digital world, as opposed to when it was first introduced, which saw a lot of stigma attached to online degrees, leading many to believe they were somehow not worth as much as degrees obtained from a physical college.

http://sociable.co/web/online-learning-makes-sense/

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Moon Shapes

xkcd.com - Mon, 2016-09-26 02:00
Categories: Cartoons, Science News

Negotiation and Conflict Resolution Education in the Age of the MOOC

OLDaily by Stephen Downes - Sun, 2016-09-25 19:47


Noam Ebner, Social Science Research Network, Sept 25, 2016

Good paper (47 page PDF) on the development and delivery of a MOOC on negotiation and conflict resolution. It's focused around four major issues:

  1. Can we provide the same quality of negotiation education in a MOOC format
  2. Can the signature pedagogy of the negotiation field, the experiential learning model, be implemented in a MOOC?
  3. Can we provide students in a MOOC the same experience that has made negotiation courses successful?
  4. What implications might this have for negotiation and dispute resolution education?

I really like the section on quality (it should be required reading). "Interestingly, the standards for assessing the quality of traditional negotiation courses have been somewhat vague both in terms of outcomes within the course," writes Noam Ebner.

[Link] [Comment]

What Do Forbes, NYT, And Sotheby’s Have In Common? They Make Online Courses

OLDaily by Stephen Downes - Sun, 2016-09-25 19:47


Anuar Lequerica, Class Central, Sept 25, 2016

There's virtually no content in this article (would it be too much to do an interview or get a point of view?) but the author points to an important trend. "The World Bank, PwC, and Fundaç ã o Lemann offer MOOCs on Coursera. Microsoft, the Association of Chartered Certified Accountants, and the Inter-American Development Bank all offer MOOCs on edX. Google offers an Android Basics Nanodegree on Udacity."

[Link] [Comment]

10 Awesome Online Courses for Only $15

Online learning update by Ray Schroeder - Sun, 2016-09-25 02:05

by Entrepreneur

What if we told you there was an awesome opportunity to invest in yourself, improve your knowledge, and take your skills to the next level … for only $15? We thought that might get your attention. Udemy offers thousands of online courses that movers, shakers, and entrepreneurs like you can enroll in to better themselves and their businesses. And the best part is that we’ve picked 10 of the highest-rated and most popular courses that you can enroll in for just $15. There’s something for every type of entrepreneur: writers can sharpen their pencils with journalist Shani Raja, business owners can build their personal brand with Gary Vaynerchuk, day traders can sweeten their stocks with Jeff Tompkins, and many more!

https://www.entrepreneur.com/slideshow/282517

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Higher ed leaders say industry is in trouble

Online learning update by Ray Schroeder - Sun, 2016-09-25 02:02

By Jarrett Carter, Education Dive

Inside Higher Ed reports on a survey of more than 200 college and university executives that will reveal a negative perception of higher education’s commitment to student outcomes, but largely positive perception of the work being done on their individual campuses. More than 60% of survey respondents indicated that their school has too many initiatives in place designed to address student outcomes, which leads to “initiative fatigue” and a lack of deliverables or results in this key area. Nearly half of the executives surveyed say that higher education at large is somewhat worse than it was 10 years ago.

http://www.educationdive.com/news/higher-ed-leaders-say-industry-is-in-trouble/426259/

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Pokemon Go craze hits classroom

Online learning update by Ray Schroeder - Sun, 2016-09-25 02:01

By Colleen Williamson, Parson Sun

Since its release in July, Pokemon Go has grown in popularity and criticism as the augmented reality game using global positioning systems and mobile devices has taken players outside their homes in their quests to capture and train virtual, fantasy creatures called Pokemon. The popularity of the game with youths is evident, which is what led Meadow View Grade School seventh- and eighth-grade math teacher Morgan Wacker to spending part of her summer working with her husband to develop a means of linking the game to math, school and home learning.

http://www.parsonssun.com/news/article_68663fae-7c93-11e6-b8a7-c7064c9d85f6.html

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The Open Research Agenda

OLDaily by Stephen Downes - Sat, 2016-09-24 16:01


OERhub, Sept 24, 2016

Passing this along: "The Commonwealth of Learning (CoL) is conducting a global survey of OER ahead of the 2nd World OER Congress....You can find out more and take the survey at  http://rcoer.col.org/surveys.html. If you’ re feeling in a mood to contribute to a survey, please also consider sharing some thoughts on our open research consultation at  http://tinyurl.com/2016ora."

[Link] [Comment]

Google’s creepy Allo assistant and our rocky relationship so far

OLDaily by Stephen Downes - Sat, 2016-09-24 16:01


Paul Bradshaw, Online Journalism Blog, Sept 24, 2016

I actually admire Google's efforts to make  Allo work. Allo has a greater range than Siri, even if it does listen in to your conversations and act like a friend that's trying too hard to be liked. Eventually we'll all use an assistant like this, but they'll have to work out some of the glitches and get past the 'creepiness' factor. What concerns be about Allo and its ilk is that it's tied to the phone. The phone is our least secure device, is a consumption-only device, and is tied to things that matter, like our phone number (and hence, telcom account and billing). Here's a bit more about Allo.

[Link] [Comment]

Coding from college to high school

Online learning update by Ray Schroeder - Sat, 2016-09-24 02:10

by JANEE WILSON, Mat-Su Valley

It’s not often that a high school elective class can make students immediately employable. Jenny Barnes, John Notestine along with Colony High Teacher Brian Mead are bringing a surplus of job opportunities to students. It’s called CS50, and the plan is to have it be the most popular class in school. CS50 stands for Computer Science 50. It’s a MOOC, massive open online course, started at Harvard by Professor David Malan. At Harvard, the class became so popular and well-loved that Harvard decided to take it on the road, teaching coding to high school students. The high school version of CS50 takes the semester long university course and extends it over an entire school year

http://www.frontiersman.com/schools/coding-from-college-to-high-school/article_d802f69a-7aa9-11e6-a1ce-6bc2e26b16f9.html

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The Internet of Things, Machine Learning and In-Transit Visibility Revolutionizing Supply Chain

Online learning update by Ray Schroeder - Sat, 2016-09-24 02:05

BY SCOTT DULMAN, SDC Executive

There are new technologies and solutions—related to the Internet of Things (IoT)—that are creating opportunities for retailers to improve omnichannel operations, better manage inventories, reduce logistics costs, and retain and acquire customers. But the IoT—along with Big Data—offers a solution to unlock end-to-end supply chain visibility, giving retailers the ability to save costs through improved efficiency by better planning with analytics and machine learning. Chief among these benefits are increases in on-time deliveries, reductions in planning and scheduling costs, opportunities to decrease inventories, reduced transportation costs and improved cross-docking efficiency. Combined, these benefits enable a retailer to improve customer service, and increase revenue and margins.

http://www.sdcexec.com/article/12257563/the-internet-of-things-machine-learning-and-in-transit-visibility-revolutionizing-supply-chain

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Staying the course on a massive open online course

Online learning update by Ray Schroeder - Sat, 2016-09-24 02:02

by Science Daily

Massive open online courses (MOOCs) are popular with educational establishments as an efficient way to deliver their materials. Unfortunately, student engagement does not match the enthusiasm of the educators and the number who complete any given course is disturbingly low, according to research. The authors of the paper, suggest that an engagement model for MOOCs needs to be implemented and simple steps taken to improve completion rates.

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/09/160915120349.htm

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Open education and the Unenlightenment

OLDaily by Stephen Downes - Sat, 2016-09-24 01:50


Martin Weller, The Ed Techie, Sept 23, 2016

"This desire for knowledge, the very belief that acquiring knowledge was a worthwhile pursuit, underpinned much of cultural development through to the 20th century. And although it started out as a privileged pursuit, the basic premise, which we can summarise as 'knowing stuff is good'... " writes Martin Weller. "The Unenlightenment sees a reversal of this basic principle: wilful avoidance of knowledge." It won't be enough, he argues, to simply create great OERs. "Education needs to fight not only for its own relevance, but for the culture within which it is situated. " maybe - but at the same time it needs to fight against the culture in which it is situated. The culture of education is a culture of privilege and special rights and inside favours and manipulating the law (and statistics, and whatever else needs manipulating) to ensure this never changes. And - from where I sit - the problem is that many of the people within education do not want to let go of this culture. It is, after all, how they make their living.

[Link] [Comment]

Yahoo hack hits 500 million users, but who are the suspects?

OLDaily by Stephen Downes - Sat, 2016-09-24 01:50


BBC, Sept 23, 2016

The lesson here is, if you put your data into a big giant data store, it's going to be hacked. And the agency that does it is probably going to be a national government. Pundits are talking about the Russians, the Chinese and even the North Koreans, but I have to consider the American NSA to be equally likely suspects (the only difference is that they're marginally less likely to get caught). On the bright side, "If this is state-sponsored I don't think they actually want the information - it is more about the impact of the data breach."

[Link] [Comment]

Deep neural networks for YouTube recommendations

OLDaily by Stephen Downes - Sat, 2016-09-24 01:50


Adrian Colyer, The Morning Paper, Sept 23, 2016

"The YouTube system is built on top of Google Brain, or as we now know it, TensorFlow. To give an idea of scale, the models learn approximately one billion parameters and are trained on hundreds of billions of examples. The basic problem is posed as 'given this user’ s YouTube activity history, which videos are they most likely to watch next?'" The recommendations are (in my experience) not so great - they reflect my YouTube interests, but not my wider interests. The  full paper is available from Google (8 page PDF)

[Link] [Comment]

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